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Lecture 5 Language and Culture


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Unformatted text preview: some may have different meanings. For example: spak (from "spark") means 'drunk' and baksait (from "backside") refers to someone's back, not to their bottom. • Many Tok Pisin words have a meaning much wider than that of the English word they came from. For example, pisin (from "pigeon") means 'bird' in general'; and gras (from "grass") means not only 'grass' but also 'hair', 'fur' and 'feathers'. • Also, some combinations of words have different meanings: e.g. bel hevi (from 'belly heavy') means 'sad'. Relationship Between Language and Culture Culture Franz Boaz Franz 19th-20th Century 19 Franz Boaz (19th-20th century) • Language is a guide to social reality. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis • Assumes a close relationship between language and Assumes culture. • Claims language defines peoples experiences. Claims Sapir and Whorf 19th -20th Century • barrels- wave curls over the top of them, forming a "tube" (or "barrel"), with the rider inside the cylindrical portion of the wave. • beach breaks-common consistent wave • bump - a swell. • down the line- angling across the wave's face, • • • dump or close out- wave breaks apart • hollow - fast-breaking with a lip that pitches out forcefully into the wave's trough • mushy- breaking slowly with a lip that just crumbles over when the wave breaks • peels-waves that go sideways down the beach for a long way before shutting • pit - the hollowest portion of a breaking wave. • point breaks- long perfectly shape...
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