Chapter 7 - Psychedelia.docx - Chapter 7 Psychedelia Drugs...

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Drugs and the Quest for Higher Consciousness Psychedelic movement o Concerned with new ways of experiencing the world o Challenged the Normal values of 50’s o Influenced by civil rights movement and Vietnam war o Suspicious of institutions in American life o Drugs played central role Marijuana LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide) Developed by Swiss scientist Albert Hoffman, ‘43 o Accidental outcome as cure for migraines Tested by CIA as truth serum in 50’s Considered potent treatment to alcoholism Reinforcement of Eastern spirituality o Leary’s The Psychedelic Experience , ’64 Offers guide to acid use based on Tibetan Book of the Dead o Beatles travel to India Study Transcendental meditation with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi o The contradiction Eastern gurus sought truth through Spirituality Hippies sought truth through LSD Both central to Psychedelic movement Two Psychedelic approaches to Music o Music Secondary to drugs Enhances the Trip Provokes response with novel sounds Grateful Dead, Pink Floyd o Music Is the Trip Acts as anesthetic drug Takes listener on aural journey May or may not be enhanced by drugs Had to move beyond 3-minute radio format The Doors, The Beatles Psychedelic Ambition Beatles vs Beach Boys o Beatles and Wilson retire from live shows o Rise of psychedelia coincided with increased ambition More serious lyrics Chapter 7: Psychedelia
Wider range of instrumentation More innovative harmonic language Formal types modified or abandoned Creative freedom allows for this experimentation Shared same label, Capitol Competed for public’s attention Competed for label’s attention Rivalry transforms rock from dance music to listening music Inspired and influenced one another o Wilson admired wholeness of Rubber Soul o Rubber Soul inspired Pet Sounds o McCartney admired production and songwriting of Pet Sounds o Pet Sounds inspired Sgt Peppers “Good Vibrations”, ‘66 o Wilson writes as answer to “Tomorrow Never Knows” Considered Wilson’s finest achievement Pocket Symphony Consumed more studio time and money than any single had before o Structural experimentation Starts with Contrasting Verse-Chorus new sections begin after 2 nd chorus Each section recorded separately Sections spliced together with scotch tape and razor blade Much time spent on final order Highly modified form introduces important departure for pop music Range of Instrumentation o Usual rhythmic section augmented Organ Woodwinds Cellos Slide Theremin Bass harmonica Jew’s harp Tack Piano Sleigh bells Maracas Penny Lane & Strawberry Fields Forever o Beatles pressured to release single while at work on Sgt. Pepper’s in ‘67 “Penny Lane” Depicts McCartney’s everyday life in hometown Piccolo trumpet solo inspired by Bach concerto “Strawberry Fields Forever” Depicts young Lennon’s neighborhood park Inside the piano technique Reversed tape Mellotron sampling keyboard o Heard at beginning on recorder choir setting

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