Running head: THEORY CRITIQUETheory CritiqueMaryville UniversityTheoretical Foundation Nursing Practice20201
THEORY CRITIQUETheory CritiqueNursing theories serve as a framework for nursing practices, helps develop a different rationale and the guidelines for models to care, to change the unwanted aspects of phenomena, provide a common language to support professional autonomy and accountability (Meleis, 2012). Florence Nightingale is considered as the first nursing theorist. As the founder of modern nursing, Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory has changed the face of nursing practices.Nightingale serves as a nurse during the Crimean War, where she observed the correlation between the patient who died and their environmental conditions as a result Environmental Theory was born (Petiprin,2016). Nightingale believed the environment has a strong influence on the patient outcomes and the various elements of her environment theory are still practiced in today's nursing. The environment is viewed as an external condition and influences that affect the life and development of an organism and capable of preventing the occurrences of diseases. The nursing model's focus is to alter the patient’s environment to bring change in their health. The environmental factors described in her theory are fresh air, pure water, sufficient food supplies, efficient drainage, cleanliness of the patient and the environment and light (Petiprin,2016). Nightingale has mainly focused upon three types of environment: Physical environment, Psychological environment and Social environment and how it impacts on the health and illness of the individuals.Rationale for selectionThe rationale for selecting this theory is the concept of Environmental theory is simple and easy to understand. Her theory is a patient-care theory. It is still in use today, and it is easy toadapt ourselves to environmental changes. Nightingale theory helps make the nurses work more 2
THEORY CRITIQUEefficiently by using their own intuition about patient care and environmental modification (Sher & Akhtar2, 2018). Even in our clinical practices, we as a nurse can directly see the relationship between the illness and the above environmental factors. For instance, the environment plays a vital role in maintaining proper health and promoting the patient's faster recovery. Poor or difficult environments lead to poor health and disease. Besides that, the environments could be altered according to the need of patient health and disease.