week3 life discussion.docx - Methods and approaches to...

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Methods and approaches to early cognitive development have been greatly influenced by the research of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Both have contributed to the field of children cognitive learning styles and abilities. Piaget proposed that cognitive development from infant to young adult occurs in four universal and consecutive stages: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations (Broderick & Blewitt, 2020). Between the ages of zero and two years of age, the child is in the sensorimotor stage. It is during this stage the child experiences his or her own world through the senses and through movement. During the latter part of the sensorimotor stage, the child develops object permanence, which is an understanding that an object exists even if it is not within the field of vision (Broderick & Blewitt, 2020). The child also begins to understand that his or her actions could cause another action. Children in the sensorimotor stage can reverse actions but cannot yet reverse thinking. During a child's second

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