Carleesha Freeman Mrs. Kilgo Class: Western Civilization 1122, M/W Research Paper October 18, 2010 Seven Years’ War The Seven Years’ War, also known as the French and Indian war, started as the first major global conflict. This war lasted from 1756-1763 and was given this name because the war lasted so long. The countries that were involved in this war included, Prussia, Hanover, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain. The Seven Years War was also known to be a continuance of the Austrian Succession, when Silesia was gained by Frederick the Great. The Seven Years’ War was also caused by conflict and controversy between the British and the French. Some of the issues that led to the Seven Years’ War were mostly issues that occurred on land. Since the population had risen due to trading, farming, and manufacturing, it allowed colonies to become more and more profitable. Since then, trading began to occur on the Mississippi and Ohio rivers which marked the beginning of the wars. The year 1756 was mainly a time of preparing war alliances. The British main concern was to make sure that the war would not spread in Europe. In order for Britain to avoid invasion, they contained their tied alliances with the Netherlands and Austria. Austrians wanted to reclaim Silesia from Prussia once more. Maria Theresa sent her advisors to France, Russia, and Sweden to take down Prussia. When word got out about
alliances being built up against Prussia, Frederick the Great, King of Prussia, took action by invading Saxony. The invasion of Saxony caused an uproar and caused the Anti- Prussian alliance to strengthen. The British wanted the Dutch Republic to join alliances with them, but the Dutch wanted to remain neutral. This then led to the invasion of Bohemia by Frederick the Great in 1757. When Frederick the Great invaded Bohemia, him, along with his army defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Prague on May 6 th , but shortly then after, Kolin defeated him and his army causing them to leave the war. Frederick was then forced to drop his invasion of Bohemia and withdraw. In September of 1757, the British made an attempt to take down the coast of Rochefort, but soon failed. Soon after, the French moved its
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