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The New South and the Rise of Jim Crow

The New South and the Rise of Jim Crow - The New South and...

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The New South and the Rise of Jim Crow Old South/New South- New south creed, adoption of new ideas, but also re-adoption of the social order in the south, rise of the Jim Crow system- system of segregation in the US, separating the races, happens in the north and the south, north is just as bad as the south, Jim Crow lasts nearly a hundred years, concept of New South begins during Reconstruction, Lincoln wanted to northernize the south, which meant a wage- based labor economy, black and whites would create new south together, South like the idea of new jobs to industrialize, new industry is good, Henry Grady was one of the prominent individuals in the New South economy, put out many of the ideas that went along with its creation, he used the analogy that the South was like a poor Southern cotton farmer, he was going to be buried in coffin with things that only the north made, thought south could be more than it was, missed out on opportunities, o “Farm to Factory”- Richard H. Edmonds idea follows the same line as Grady’s, Edmonds created the farm to factory movement, wanted to attract investors to south and then create factories, two prong approach, 1) create factories and white workers will do these factory jobs, 2) African Americans would continue to produce in agriculture, a bound labor force, through share-cropping-at the end of Civil War, a lot of plantations had farms that used to have slaves, slaves are no longer there, decide they will break up the plantation into smaller plots of land for families to farm, slaves will work land, their rent will be a share of the crop that they produce, at the end of the harvest have to give landowner a share of production, way to keep them bound to the land, this idea is a booming business in the south, in the 1860’s the south has virtually 0 factories, by 1900, 400 plus cotton mills, putting to work nearly 100,000 mostly white male workers,
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Cotton, Cigarettes, and Pine- In 1877, James Bonsack created the rolled cigarette machine, factories full of these machines, white workers come into the factories, blacks stay and farm tobacco, creation of this machine results in a cigarette smoking boom, particular cigarettes appeal to the growing urban communities, one of the few industries that the south controls from beginning to end, the production of steel and wood products follows, South has a lot of pine, the production of things like pine oil and turpentine are incredibly valuable, Florida and Texas are major producers in turpentine and
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