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Julius Caesar - Julius Caesar Jacob Weinstein#1313699 Hist...

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Julius Caesar Jacob Weinstein #1313699 Hist 101; Neville; Sec 530 The transformation from the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire was a harsh passage teeming with war and political controversy. There were many soldiers, generals, and political leaders that were instrumental during this time period. However significant they were, none were as influential as the great Julius Caesar. Born into a Patrician family in Rome on July 13 th , 100 B.C., Gaius Julius Caesar was of particularly significant descent. The importance of the Caesar family name is derived from their claim of descent from Lulus, grandson of the god of love and beauty, Venus. Julius Caesar was put into an authoritative position early on in life at the age of 16 when his father died suddenly one morning while putting on his shoes. As the new oldest male in his family’s small house in Subura, Rome, young Julius was left in charge of his mother and two sisters. (wikipedia.org ) By the age of seventeen, Julius was elected to the position of Flamen Dialis (high priest of Jupiter), and married Cornelia, daughter of Cinna and a big supporter of Marius; although his accomplishments were short-lived. A year later, in 82 B.C., Caesar lost his priesthood along with his inheritance and his wife’s dowry when he was targeted by Sulla, general and self-appointed dictator of the Roman Republic. Sulla targeted Julius Caesar because of his relation to the Marian party lead by Marius, who is Sulla’s competition and enemy. Because of his refusal to divorce his wife, Julius Caesar fled Rome, and was forced into hiding. Later on Sulla was convinced by Caesar’s mother’s
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side of the family to lift the threat. Julius’ mother and her family were followers and supporters of Sulla. (wikipedia.org) Still afraid to return to Rome, Julius Caesar did something he vowed as a high priest never to do; he joined the army and was stationed in Asia. Early on in his career as a soldier Julius made a name for himself on a mission to Bithynia, to secure the assistance of King Nicomede’s fleet. After rumors spread about his alleged affair with the king, Caesar was sent into battle again to fight in the siege of Mytilene. It was in this battle where he emerged as an elite soldier and distinguished himself amongst the other soldiers. After the siege of Mytilene, Caesar was awarded the Civic Crown. The Civic Crown was woven from common oak leaves and was given to men who saved the lives of his fellow soldiers and fought bravely in battle. This award was the second highest military distinction one could receive. (wikipedia.org ) During the next few years while Caesar was fighting across the lands, Sulla resigned as dictator of the Roman Republic. He went on to live an unguarded private life for two years until he died of liver failure and was given a lavish state-wide funeral.
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