Labor Wars and the American Empire

Labor Wars and the American Empire - Labor Wars and the...

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Labor Wars and the American Empire The Second Industrial Revolution- late 19 th century, with it the dawn of new business practices and entities, new corporations, beginning of corporate America, corporations become a living entities, corporations have protections under the law, they are like living things, much of the change in corporate structures revolves around the change in management, managers become middle men, managers become middle class, Frederick W. Taylor, the architect of the managerial revolution, also known as Taylor-ism, he says that if these businesses were analyzed scientifically, they may be able to figure out how to run them better, he says that the old way of doing things isn’t the best way, he goes through and manages everything, example: he goes to Carnegie Steel Plants and observes, he realizes that the shovels they use are all different and some work better than others and he designs a new and better shovel, a job done by 400 men can now be done by 160, example: rail system screwed up, in different parts of country they use different gauges of track, have to change trains to go long distances, pricing structures are messed up, cheaper to go long distances than short, no time zones, everyone sets clock by the sun, you could be off from the time at the rail station, Taylor comes in, looks at using one track gauge, create time zones, change prices, not only does he say that we need to apple this scientific thinking to business but he says that we need to get rid of the master craftsmen, he says that we need trained individuals to manage each stage of production, college-educated, managing or business degree, people that can come in and control day- to-day operations, every aspect of business manages by someone, all part of scientific management or Taylor-ism, leads to the creation of an entire group of middle class Americans The Captains of Industry
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o Cornelius Vanderbilt- one of the first to create one of the new big businesses, Commodore Vanderbilt, born 1794 in New York, as a young boy he worked on ferries and steamships, he sees how these are run, he thinks it’s a good business to get into, starts a steamship ferry service between Philadelphia and New York, first to build tracks in this area, gets involved in railroads, builds them in the US, but also supplies railroads in Mexico, Nicaragua, etc., gets him a huge fortune, gold rush in California, and it is really hard to get over land to California, it takes months to take a ship, but Vanderbilt sets up a ship and train operation, becomes the leading rail producer and owner, starts acquiring more rail line and business, son takes over after he dies, William Vanderbilt, Cornelius Vanderbilt was one of the first to build something more efficiently, and make a lot of money off of it o John D. Rockefeller- president of company called Standard Oil, founded in the 1860’s at a time when petroleum was not as big as it is today, before combustion engine, he could see a future based in oil, starts
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 106 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Labor Wars and the American Empire - Labor Wars and the...

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