GeographicInformationSystems - Geographical Information...

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09/26/09 Industrial Data and Systems Analysis 1 Geographical Information Systems Peter L. Jackson Professor School of O.R. and I.E.
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09/26/09 Industrial Data and Systems Analysis 2 Geographical Questions Planning for the ‘Hydrogen Economy’ How many hydrogen fuel stations need to be built so that 70% of the U.S. population lives within 2 miles of one? (Notice the application of Pareto analysis: a small number of urban centers will account for 70% of the U.S. population) How many hydrogen fuel stations need to be built so that there is at least one every 50 miles on all of the interstate highways of the U.S.?
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09/26/09 Industrial Data and Systems Analysis 3 Sample Geographical Decisions “Point decisions” Where should we locate our distribution centers? How many are needed to cover the population? Where should we build cell phone towers? Where should we build fire stations? “Line decisions” What route should we follow to get from A to B? Where should we build our next road? What roads should we widen?
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09/26/09 Industrial Data and Systems Analysis 4 Sample Geographical Decisions “Area Decisions” How should we divide up the country into sales regions? How should we define the boundaries of voting districts? Many decisions have a geographical aspect to them If we see the decisions displayed on a map we can judge their effectiveness more quickly We need to see the data driving the decisions displayed geographically, too
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09/26/09 Industrial Data and Systems Analysis 5 Our Goals This Week Understand the basics of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Display points, lines, and areas on a U.S. map Convey information about the data attached to points (by size and color of circles) Aggregate corporate sales data by zipcode and display on a U.S. map Explore the data for geographical insights
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09/26/09 Industrial Data and Systems Analysis 6 Sampling of GIS Packages AGISMap Autodesk Map ArcGIS by ESRI GeoMedia Geo/SQL Google Earth Pro MapGrafix Manifold MapInfo Maptitude and TransCAD MetaMAP MyWorld Freeware ArcExplorer FlowMap GMT Mapping Tools Google Earth GRASS QuantumGIS SPRING TNTLite uDig
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09/26/09 Industrial Data and Systems Analysis 7 ORIE3120 Criteria for Selecting GIS Package Must have basic GIS capability Read GIS files, display GIS features and data Must be free To increase likelihood you will use it on summer job + Do not want to pay license fees for a one-week course module
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09/26/09 Industrial Data and Systems Analysis 8 ORIE3120 Criteria for Selecting GIS Package (cont’d) Must be able to import and display point-related data (“geo-coding”) Commercial packages allow you to join your own database to GIS files based on common features (ex. link sales by zipcode to a zipcode GIS file) Freeware versions of commercial packages typically disable this
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GeographicInformationSystems - Geographical Information...

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