The 1920s and the Great Crash

The 1920s and the Great Crash - The 1920s and the Great...

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The 1920s and the Great Crash The Great Migration- centers of banking had switched from London to the US, US before war was one of the largest debtor nations, after emerges as the largest creditor, huge urbanization movement, 1910s huge migration of Mexicans into the US, same with African Americans, the shift of black people out of the South into the North, this is the Great Migration, new jobs opening in major manufacturing cities which tend to be in the north, Detroit in 1900 had population of 6000 African Americans, by 1920 120000, African Americans thought the north would be different, the land of hope, but it wasn’t as great as they thought it would be, they would write newspapers and churches in the north to ask information about coming there, newspapers would write, these letters started a migration chain, facilitates the process of migration, people just got up and left, Jacob Lawrence created many famous paintings of the Great Migration, Great Migration just applies to blacks leaving the south for the north, between 1917-1920 alone, an estimated 1 million blacks left the south for the north, black population in south was about 10 million people, so about 10% walked away from the south, by 1920, more Americans live in cities than on farms, about 1 person on the countryside for every 2 people living in the city First Wave Feminism- 1910, 1920s first wave feminism, these women are fighting for goals that we wouldn’t take as all that radical, voting, 8 hour work day, child labor law, work place safety, Triangle Shirtwaste Fire, when the fire started the exits were chained shut and many burned alive, most radical thing they wanted was social or societal motherhood, concept that women should have support from the government, governments give money to mothers or for working in the house, National American Woman’s Suffrage Association (NAWSA) Carrie Chapman Catt and Susan B. Anthony were the most prominent leaders, Catt took over in 1900 through the 19 th amendment, the first group to set up a national movement for women voting, they have a very cautious approach, want to convince Americans that giving women the right to vote is the right thing to do, men and women have the same basic natural rights so they should all be able to vote, they begin to shift that message when Catt takes over, they say we should be given the right because we are more moral than men, since they are they will vote for candidates that are better for the US, and have a better government as a consequence, does begin to convince a lot of people, doesn’t get them the vote though, Alice Paul is the influential head of the NWP (National Woman’s Party) in 1913, rival with NAWSA, a woman’s political party for people that can’t even vote, they get close to a million members involved, they think of NWP as the radical wing of NAWSA, so they break away, Paul had traveled to Europe to see other feminists, and sees that they are much more confrontational, this is the
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 106 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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The 1920s and the Great Crash - The 1920s and the Great...

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