APUSH_Chapter2,3Outline - AP U.S History Aaron Fu Chapter 2...

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AP U.S History Aaron Fu Chapter 2: Europeans Colonize North America, 1600-1640 - John Winthrop: o Believed that England had become corrupt and set out for the New World o In his opinion, the Church of England, which had split from Roman Catholicism, needed to be purified; hence, Winthrop was called “Puritans”. o Believed that Protestants should convert nonbelievers to Christianity o He and his fellow Puritans tried to reproduce the society they had but not without modifications o The American settlements of the Spanish, French, and Dutch were composed of male emigrants who hoped to make a quick profit and then return back to their homelands. - The English, failed to prosper until they had learned to adapt to their environment (the first permanent English colonies survived because the Native Indians helped them. - The English learned to grow crops such as corn and tobacco / learned to develop trading relationships / Imported African slaves for labor - English colonists triumph over the complex interactions New France, New Netherland, and the Caribbean - The Netherlands and France also established permanent settlements; after Spains destruction of France’s Florida settlement in 1565, the French turned their attention northward, to the area explored by Jacques Cartier. - Samuel de Champlain founded a trading post at the site of the local Iroquois. He renamed this place Quebec. Quebec was the most easily defended spot - French established a second post, Montreal in 1642 - One other important group that was part of the population of New France was: Missionaries of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), a Roman Catholic order dedicated to converting nonbelievers to Christianity - The Jesuits sought to undermine the authority of the village shamans and to gain the confidence of leaders who could influence others. They were known as the Black Robes - The Black Robes used their eloquence to sway the Natives. They explained the epidemics as God’s punishments for sins. - The Native Americans’ desire to learn how to harness the extraordinary power of literacy was one of the most critical factors in making them receptive to the Jesuits message - New Netherland was a relatively unimportant part of a vast commercial empire. With no elected assembly, settlers felt little loyalty to their nominal leaders. Migration was sparse. - New France and New Netherland did not come into conflict with each other. However their American trading partners did (the Indians) - The Iroquois went to war against the Hurons (The Iroquois traded with the Dutch/The Hurons traded with the French).
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- The Iroquois wanted to be the major supplier of pelts to the Europeans to ensure the security of their hunting territories. They exterminated the Hurons through the use of guns obtained from their Dutch allies.
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