Pol S 102 Notes - Pol S 102 2 nd Notes Institutions things...

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Unformatted text preview: Pol S 102 2 nd Notes Institutions things in politics that determine the rules and routines that define what actions are appropriate Rules norms and procedures in society Institutionalization how these things become imbedded in society o Long process the creation They are so important because they take so long to evolve Process by which a practice or organization o Widely accepted well established and might be universally accepted. When we look at the definition (NORMS RULES AND PROCEDURES) social institutions are o Religion o Marriage Political institutions Constitutions Types of Institutions Constitutions o Represents the general organization of state authority o Express fundamental agreement on political society o Serve a lot of purposes o Constitutions create power Also limit power o Consensual + divided society Divided low level of agreement Consensual high level of agreement Divided society often means low level of legitimacy States that are young are more divided, states that are older are more consensual o Constitutional Flexibility Legislative Branch o Legislatures make laws and mediate They are institutions Not all created equal in society in nature of power Number of houses Bicameral 2 houses lower house and upper house (France, Great Britain) Unicameral only one (China) Who gets in o Members of political parties The rules of politics matter significantly o Look at the rules to see why places has 2 parties (US) and (Italy has many) o In 1 st past the post it is very hard for the small party to win o 2 dominate parties o single member district with plurality system will almost always lead to a 2 party election we have a system of election rules that make that happen Election Rules Majoritarian/Plurality Systems o a system where you have 2 major parties that occupy a majority of seats in the legislature o Proportional Representation Systems o Highly representative, looks like the proportion that the population wants o have to get o Voting threshold the minimum % of votes you have to get to win seats o Dont have problem of over representation o Very hard to have a clear defined majority Mixed Systems One Party Dominant Systems Parties Link Between Static and Society o What do Parties Do o The Executive Branch What is it o Those who assume the administrative role o The president o The cabinet o The institution that has the authority that ability to implement the laws and policy put in by congress o Parliamentary Versus Presidential Systems...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course MUS 362 taught by Professor Young during the Fall '07 term at Washington State University .

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Pol S 102 Notes - Pol S 102 2 nd Notes Institutions things...

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