Absorbed glycemic response change in blood glucose

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Unformatted text preview: s • Small intestine • Carrier-mediated active transport – Glucose and galactose • Facilitated diffusion – Fructose • Circulation of monosaccharides • In blood directly to liver via the hepatic portal system Absorption and Circulation of Monosaccharides Monosaccharides How Are Carbohydrates Digested, Absorbed, & Circulated in the Body? Absorbed, • Glycemic response • Change in blood glucose following ingestion of food • Influential factors • Glycemic index • Scale of 0 to 100 • Based on standard amount of carbohydrate • Glycemic load (GL) • Functions of monosaccharides in the body Glycemic Response Glycemic GI and GL of Selected Foods Based on Glucose as a Reference Food on How Do Hormones Regulate Blood Glucose & Energy Storage? Blood • Pancreas – islets of Langerhans • Beta cells – insulin • Lowers blood glucose • Stimulates storage of glycogen • Alpha cells – glucagon • Stimulates breakdown of glycogen Release of Insulin & Glucagon from the Pancreas from Hormonal Regulation of Blood Glucose Glucose How Do Hormones Regulate Blood Glucose & Energy Storage? Blood • Insulin and b...
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