Absorbed glycemic response change in blood glucose

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: s • Small intestine • Carrier-mediated active transport – Glucose and galactose • Facilitated diffusion – Fructose • Circulation of monosaccharides • In blood directly to liver via the hepatic portal system Absorption and Circulation of Monosaccharides Monosaccharides How Are Carbohydrates Digested, Absorbed, & Circulated in the Body? Absorbed, • Glycemic response • Change in blood glucose following ingestion of food • Influential factors • Glycemic index • Scale of 0 to 100 • Based on standard amount of carbohydrate • Glycemic load (GL) • Functions of monosaccharides in the body Glycemic Response Glycemic GI and GL of Selected Foods Based on Glucose as a Reference Food on How Do Hormones Regulate Blood Glucose & Energy Storage? Blood • Pancreas – islets of Langerhans • Beta cells – insulin • Lowers blood glucose • Stimulates storage of glycogen • Alpha cells – glucagon • Stimulates breakdown of glycogen Release of Insulin & Glucagon from the Pancreas from Hormonal Regulation of Blood Glucose Glucose How Do Hormones Regulate Blood Glucose & Energy Storage? Blood • Insulin and b...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 05/23/2013 for the course NUTR 121 taught by Professor Pam during the Spring '12 term at Dallas.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online