Carbohydrates starch amylose linear glucose chain

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Unformatted text preview: and stachyose • Roles in the body • Undigested in the body • Polysaccharides • Most common types – Starch, glycogen, and dietary fiber What Are Complex Carbohydrates? Carbohydrates? • Starch • Amylose • Linear glucose chain • Amylopectin • Highly branched arrangement of glucose • Often added to food • Texture and stability Structure of Starch Structure What Are Complex Carbohydrates? Carbohydrates? • Glycogen • Storage form of glucose in the body • Liver and skeletal muscles • Highly branched arrangement of glucose • Broken down quickly for energy • Carbohydrate loading Structure of Glycogen Structure What Are Complex Carbohydrates? Carbohydrates? • Fiber • Cannot be digested by small intestine • Promotes growth of beneficial intestinal bacteria • Classification of fiber types • Dietary fiber – Soluble and insoluble • Functional fiber • Total fiber Humans Are Unable to Digest Dietary Fiber Dietary What Are Complex Carbohydrates? Carbohydrates? • Fiber • Health benefits • Cardiovascular disease – Cholesterol • Obesity • Type 2 diabetes • Digestive h...
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