Midterm 2 - Section 1

Midterm 2 - Section 1 - Nick Hinman PS 301 2 25 08 Section...

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Nick Hinman PS 301 2 – 25 – 08 Section 1 1) What was the background to the FCC vs. Pacifica Supreme Court case? What was the result of the case? The Federal Communications Act of 1934 was the U.S. government’s attempt to regulate radio and television broadcasting by creating the Federal Communications Commission and giving them the power to permit broadcast licenses. The main power of the FCC was its right to charge broadcasters for infringement of the government regulations. In 1973, a father in New York City heard George Carlin’s skit, “Filthy Words,” when in the car with his son. The father wrote into the radio station deeming the routine “indecent,” and his son shouldn’t be hearing broadcasts like that. The case went to the U.S. Supreme Court. In a 5-4 decision, the court voted that Carlin’s material was indecent, but not obscene. The court had the FCC create time spaces where children were more likely to listen to the radio or watch television: 10pm to 6am. During these times broadcasters couldn’t put indecent material on public airwaves. This case is relevant because it appealed to the notion of mimicry versus catharsis as it affects children. Catharsis is the idea that, by using indecent or obscene material to exercise one’s desire to commit actions deemed obscene, one relieves the tendency to commit that act. Mimicry, on the other hand, is one’s tendency (especially that of children) to mimic, or imitate, obscene or indecent actions after seeing them on television or (in this case) hearing them on the radio. 2) What is the Miller test used for? What are the components of it? What test did it replace?
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Midterm 2 - Section 1 - Nick Hinman PS 301 2 25 08 Section...

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