November 27 - Civil Rights Movement in the US Movement...

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November 27, 2012 Civil Rights Movement in the US Movement didn’t start in 1955 with the Montgomery Boycott or even with the Brown v Board court decision popular perception View we tend to get is that it was the federal government aligned with national organizations (like NAACP, SCLC) propelled the Civil Rights Movement forward Most narratives say WWII was an important marker because the US was involved in the fight against fascism and blacks who enlisted in and fought in the war demanded a “double victory”: defeat fascism abroad but also defeat Jim Crow at home (Double-V campaign) US couldn’t’ be a leader against ethnic cleansing, racism reflected in Nazism, but still be engaged in white supremacist activity at home WWII black veterans demanding equal rights helped propel Civil Rights energy, along with Supreme Court decisions Harry Truman: had Civil Rights as a primary platform issue, won mainly because of black voters in Northern and Western states who voted for him Key Events : Montgomery 1955: same value for your dime-Rosa Parks, bus boycott (Montgomery Improvement Association, NAACP, Women’s Political Council) Brown v Board: Supreme Court, 1-separate but equal was impossible 2-integrate with all deliberate speed (various degrees of implementing integration) Little Rock 1957: equal access to educational excellence (Little Rock 9); integrate Central High led by NAACP Greensboro 1960: same regard for patronage; sit-ins (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee) Freedom rides 1961: equal treatment in all places (Congress Of Racial Equality); students riding across the nation testing the laws of being able to sit wherever on buses, trains Birmingham 1963: equal treatment in all places (SCLC, SNCC), ability to be employed in downtown stores and patronize any establishment; involved adults-protest and fill the
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