Country Review Cuba

Country Review Cuba - Cuba Country Report Modern World...

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Cuba Cuba Country Report Country Report Modern World Governments Modern World Governments Nicholas Hinman Nicholas Hinman 950-55-6355 950-55-6355 March 1, 2007 March 1, 2007
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Che Guevara once said, “La revolución no se lleva en los labios para vivir de ella, se lleva en el corazón para morir por ella.” “The revolution lives on not in words to live for it, but in one's heart to die for it.” 1 Revolution encapsulates the trajectory of our world’s recorded political history; although change is constant in society, without radical insurrection the world wouldn’t have evolved the way it has. Cuba has been the birthplace for several important rebellions in its political development, especially in the last two centuries, that have shaped Cuba’s controversial political policy. The revolutionaries in its political development, especially Fidel Castro, Cuba’s current Council of State, are important world recognizable political figures. Cuba’s Communist values, revolutionary ideology, power in the Caribbean, and tense history with the United States has rendered it an important landmark in contemporary politics and has molded it into the one-party socialist republic it is today. Cuba is an island nation; its threats come from the sea. Cuba’s independence from other landlocked countries led to its sovereignty after being given its freedom from Spain colonization in the repercussion of the Spanish-American War. The autonomy gave Cuba the ability to develop its own political agenda despite overbearing influence and pressure from the United States. For almost a half-century, Cuba was under Spanish control after being colonized by Christopher Columbus in 1494 on his second voyage to America. The country was mapped, and the Spanish began creating settlements all over the island in the hope to export the wealth of untapped resources and convert the indigenous Amerindians into 1 Wikiquote (http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Che_Guevara) 2
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good Catholics. The inhabitants who resisted conversion were either enslaved or killed by the colonizers as the Spanish imperialists rampaged through the Americas. Since the economy of colonial Cuba was almost entirely based on exporting plantation goods, like sugar, coffee and tobacco, Spain profited greatly through exportation of Cuba’s agriculture to Europe and North America during the remainder of Cuba’s subservient three-hundred and eighty-eight year colonial period. 2 As the nineteenth century came to a close, a Cuban pro-independence force began to build momentum in response to Spain’s inadequate and oppressive administration of colonial Cuba. Rebellion broke out in April of 1895 when revolutionaries José Martí and Tomás Estrada Palma publicly declared Cuba as an independent republic and took a stand against Spanish coercion. Marti was murdered soon following the small insurgency by the Spanish coalition. Relationships tensioned, and in the aftermath of the Spanish- American War, American President Theodore Roosevelt approved Cuba’s independence,
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PS 101 taught by Professor Parson during the Winter '07 term at University of Oregon.

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Country Review Cuba - Cuba Country Report Modern World...

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