Daily Assignment Oct 24 - Daily Assignment Positive And Negative Feedbacks And Tipping Phenomena The Logic Of Enforcement Wednesday October 24 Readings

Daily Assignment Oct 24 - Daily Assignment Positive And...

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Daily Assignment: Positive And Negative Feedbacks And Tipping Phenomena: The Logic Of Enforcement Wednesday, October 24 Readings Kleiman, “Targeted Zero Tolerance and Regulatory Enforcement’ (BELOW) Chapter 3, “Hope,” and Chapter 4: Tipping, Dynamic Concentration, and the Logic of Deterrence,” When Brute Force Fails, Mark Kleiman (Collab) Machiavelli, The Prince, Chs. 15-17 () Key Concepts Positive and negative feedback Punishment capacity Enforcement swamping Tipping situation Dynamic concentration Compliance cost Sanction capacity Deterrence Guide Questions 1.According to Machiavelli, why can merciful rule have bad results? 2.How can high violation rates be self-reinforcing? 3.What can turn that process around? 4.How can ideas about law enforcement be applied to the regulatory process?
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know the rules and understand that violations will result in clear and swift consequences, starting with their “warning hearings”. They also understand that their actions are prioritized in the community and treated with zero-toleranceTARGETED ZERO TOLERANCEAND REGULATORY ENFORCEMENTWhenever there is a rule with many potential violators and limited enforcement capacity there is the potential for a bad equilibrium. The higher the violation rate, the lower the risk of punishment faced by the average violator. Lower punishment risks, in turn, will tend to drive up violation rates. So frequent rule-breaking can be self-sustaining. Call this situation the “high-violation trap.”The same system generally also has another equilibrium with low violation rates and (consequently) high risk of punishment for each violation that does occur. The overall picture is described by a Schelling tipping model.In principle, a temporary surge in enforcement capacity might be sufficient to “tip” the situation from the high-violation   trap   to   the   desirable   low-violation   equilibrium.   But   those   resources   will   often   be unavailable, even temporarily.Prioritizing offenses – a sensible-seeming approach – can lead to a proliferation of offenses right up to the cut-off level, especially if the prioritization rules are known to potential offenders.
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  • Fall '11
  • Kleiman
  • The Prince, criminal law, violation rates, Regulatory Enforcement

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