RETENTION THEORY TIMELINE.docx - 1 Retention Theory...

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1Retention Theory TimelineLauren IrvineLiberty UniversityEDUC: 665 Student Support Services and RetentionDr. Michael ShenkleSeptember 6, 2020
2-1954 : EXPECTANCY-VALUE THEORYTHEORIST(S)-First proposed in 1954 by John Atkinson. “He believed that behavior was a function that involved motives, probability of success (one’s belief about the likelihood of success), incentive value (one’s pride in accomplishment)” (Expectancy Theory, 2015). Studied by many theorists from 2000-2004. In 2004, Bruinsma found that expectancy and values were positively associated with the total number of earned academic hours.HISTORY-In 1954 a major Supreme Court case, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was being discussed. This landmark case questioned the “separate-but-equal” statement for students of color. This case “ruled unanimously that racial segregation of children in public schools was unconstitutional” (History.com Editors, 2009).-1958 : ATTRIBUTION THEORY THEORIST(S)-Fritz Heider first proposed this theory in 1958. It “focused on the eventsordinary people encounter in their lives and whether people attribute the outcomes of these events to internal or external factors” (Demetriou & Schmitz-Sciborski, 2011). This theory has been studied by many others and theorists have created interrelated studies. HISTORY-In 1958, the National Defense Education Act (NDEA) was signed. This act “established the legitimacy of federal funding for higher education and made substantial funds available for low-cost student loans, boosting public and private colleges and universities” (National Defense Education Act, 2019). -1964 : EXPECTANCY THEORYTHEORIST(S)-Victor Vroom’s theory of expectancy “assumes that behavior results from conscious choices among alternatives whose purpose it is to maximize pleasure and

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