study guide quiz 1 Anthro 1

study guide quiz 1 Anthro 1 - What are the four fields of...

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What are the four fields of anthropology? Biological/Physical Anthropology Cultural Anthropology Archaeology Linguistic Anthropology Why is anthropology a holistic pursuit? It integrates all four sub-fields of anthropology What is a theory? an explanation of why a phenomenon happens. What is evolution? change in living organisms over time What kind of empirical data validates evolution? Microevolution and macroevolution What is catastrophism? (Use your textbook to answer this question.) the doctrine that certain vast geological changes in the earth's history were caused by catastrophes rather than gradual evolutionary processes What is the Theory of Acquired Characteristics? organisms changed based on the use and disuse of body parts and “felt” needs, and that these changes could be inherited by offspring What is the Theory of Uniformitariansim? the surface features of the earth are the product of long periods of slow steady change How did the Theory of Uniformitarianism influence Charles Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection? to suggest that the earth was far older than anyone thought, and the idea of Deep Time-long periods of steady change. What are the main differences between Charles Darwin’s and Jean Baptiste Lamarck’s theories of Evolution? Lamarck : Consistent with contemporary notions about the nature of existence in Lamarck’s theory was the idea of progress . Lamarck thought that organisms were striving to reach a state of perfection (to better themselves). Darwin: Survival and reproduction -In Darwinian Natural Selection individual organisms struggle/compete (in an unconscious fashion) to survive and reproduce, that is all. Local Adaptation -Darwinian Natural Selection is about adapting organisms to fit a local environment. Organisms do not progress towards a goal. Individual Variation Must Occur Randomly -If individual variation comes
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“prepackaged” then it is not Darwinian Natural Selection What are the fundamentals and caveats of Darwinian Natural Selection? Fundamentals : Genetic Variation Overproduction of Offspring Struggle for Existence Differential Survival and Reproduction Caveats : Survival and reproduction -In Darwinian Natural Selection individual organisms struggle/compete (in an unconscious fashion) to survive and reproduce, that is all. Local Adaptation -Darwinian Natural Selection is about adapting organisms to fit a local environment. Organisms do not progress towards a goal. Individual Variation Must Occur Randomly -If individual variation comes “prepackaged” then it is not Darwinian Natural Selection What are the four genetic processes that produce individual variation? I. Sexual Reproduction II. Independent Assortment III. Recombination IV. Mutation Where is nuclear DNA found in your cells? nucleus
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study guide quiz 1 Anthro 1 - What are the four fields of...

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