Tyler_Hough_Exam 1 – final

Tyler_Hough_Exam 1 – final - Tyler Hough...

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Tyler Hough PLSC 300B 22 February 2013 1. A newer subfield of political science, international political theory, looks at the relationship between international relations and political theory. These two fields, IR and theory, are generally the two ways to study the world and the relations each states have with each other. Looking at page 1 of the Blue Book, “We define international political theory as that aspect of the discourse of International Relations which address explicitly issues concerning norms, interpretation, and the ontological foundations of the discipline;” The field of political theory has been around for thousands of years. There are countless numbers of theorist that have written about this discipline. One of the main differentiating factors is political theory solely focuses on the way the world should be, rather than the way the world is. We see this in the work of Hobbes, Machiavelli, and many other political theorists. While on the other end of the spectrum, international relations, as a field, mainly focuses on the relationship one state has with another. In addition, it also looks at why a state goes to war, or has a conflict with another. Marx and Grotius are two scholars in this field. On of the main concerns associated with international political theory is that there cannot be any preconceived notions about international relations or political theory. If there are, it would be detrimental to the subfield and the forward expansion that it brings. Another piece to this puzzle is there is great ambiguity in what international political
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theory is. Since this is a relatively new subfield, there is not a great deal of information about it. Considering this field is up-and-coming majority of the research targets different areas on international political theory and the problems associated with it. Each thinker addresses the subject and their interest in their own way, ultimately bringing their own concerns to the table instead of addressing those overarching principles associated with the unknown. The Blue Book highlights three themes, inside/outside, universalist/particularist, and system/society. The inside/outside theme focuses on how to separate domestic from international, as well as how collective identities are formed. Universalists/particularist looks at the relationship between an individual and the great whole, the worldwide system. Lastly, the system/society model identifies the role of norms between nations and the possibility of a governance structure. After reading the different theorists and identifying the meaning of such topics as realism, I think that Nardin’s thoughts are a way to fix the anarchic system ruled by realism. Discussing the idea of global justice, she says, “Principles of global justice, then, are universal moral principles that could properly be enforced as part of civil, international or supranational law.” (300) I think this thought process would fix some of the anarchical problems faced with realism and IPT. Leca focuses on this idea of political
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