The Subjunctive

The Subjunctive - The Subjunctive Present Subjunctive: -...

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The Subjunctive Present Subjunctive: - Regular verbs: ~ Drop the –o from the end of the present ‘yo’ form and add: + AR verbs: e, es, e, emos, éis, en + ER verbs: a, as, a , amos, áis, an - Car, -Gar, -Zar verbs: ~ car que ~ gar gue ~ zar ce ~ **guar güe - Stem changing verbs: ~ AR and ER verbs have stem changes in all forms but nosotros and vosotros + Sentar: siente, sientes, siente, sentemos, sentéis, sienten + Volver: vuelva, vuelvas, vuelva, volvamos, volváis, vuelvan ~ IR verbs have changes in ALL forms drop the ‘e’ in the nosotros and vostros forms + Dormir: duerma, duermas, duerma, durmamos, durmáis, duerman + Sentir: sienta, sientas, sienta, sintamos, sintáis, sientan - Iregular Verbs: ~ dar: dé, des, dé, demos, déis, den ~ estar: esté, estés, esté, estemos, estéis, estén ~ ir: vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayáis, vayan ~ saber: sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepáis, sepan ~ ser: sea, seas, sea, seamos, seáis, sean ~ haber: haya Imperfect Subjunctive: -Drop the –ron from the ellos form of the preterite and add: ~ -ra, -ras, -ra, ΄-ramos, -rais, -ran ~ -se, ses, -se, ΄-semos, -seis, -sen ** The nosotros form is the only form that has an accent mark** Impersonal Expressions: - Use the subjunctive w/ impersonal expression if it meets 2 conditions: a change in the subject and doubt ~ Es imprescindible que… It is essential that… ~ Más vale que… It is better that… ~ Es extraño que. .. It is strange that…
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SPAN 311, 411, taught by Professor Harden,bjelland,smith,gigantino,etc. during the Fall '07 term at UVA.

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The Subjunctive - The Subjunctive Present Subjunctive: -...

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