The Last West & the New South, 1865-1900

The Last West & the New South, 1865-1900 - Continued...

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The West: Settlement of the Last Frontier The Mining Frontier- CA gold rush (49ers), Pike’s Peak, CO, & Comstock Lode, NV. Individual prospectors deep-shaft mining boomtowns (vigilantes) ghost towns Cattle Frontier- Overgrazing destroyed the grass & barbed wire (Glidden) ended the Open Range Idea of self-reliant American Cowboy Turner’s Frontier thesis Removal of Indians Settlers killed off the buffalo Reservation policy Indian Wars Sand Creek massacre Battle of Little Big Horn Nez Perce- Chief Joseph’s flee to Canada Dawes Act of 1887- (assimilation) US citizenship for those who farm for 25 years Ghost Dance- Massacre at Wounded Knee The New South Henry Grady ( Atlanta Constitution )- laissez faire
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Unformatted text preview: Continued poverty b/c bad education Agriculture- decline in cotton prices Colored Farmers’ National Alliance Segregation Democratic “Redeemers” Plessy v. Ferguson & Jim Crow Laws Loss of civil rights- literacy tests, poll taxes, grandfather clauses, barred from jury, stiffer penalties, lynchings Booker T. Washington- economic self-help vs. W. E. B. Du Bois- equal civil rights Farm Problems: North, South, & West Changes in agriculture- commercialized cash crops & small farms can’t afford equipment Middlemen took too much money National Grange Movement- established cooperatives & got states to regulate railroad rates & make it illegal for railroads to fix prices or help privileged customers Interstate Commerce Act of 1886- states cannot regulate interstate commerce Farmers’ alliances- whites & blacks joined...
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