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Society, culture, & reform, 1820-1860

Society, culture, & reform, 1820-1860 - Mental...

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Society, culture, & reform, 1820-1860 Antebellum period Second Great Awakening- Rev. Timothy Dwight burned-over district, hell & brimstone revivals Millennialism Mormons- Brigham Young in Utah Culture: Ideas, the Arts, & Literature The transcendentalists- artistic expression more important than pursuit of wealth Ralph Waldo Emerson- independence, self-reliance, spiritual matters over material ones Henry David Thoreau- observations from nature to discover truths, civil disobedience Brook Farm- experimental community of creativity Communal Experiments Shakers- forbade sex so died out New Harmony- Robert Owen’s utopian socialist Oneida Community- planned reproduction, “free love”, sold silverware Arts & Literature Painting- Hudson River School Literature- nationalistic Reforming Society Temperance- alcoholism classified as a disease, Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) Movement for Public Asylums
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Unformatted text preview: Mental hospitals- Dorothea Dix Schools for deaf & blind Prisons- solitary confinement, improved conditions Public Education Free common schools- Horace Mann Moral education- McGuffey’s text books Higher education- growth of private colleges Changing American family & women’s rights Cult of domesticity- women as moral leaders Origins of women’s movement- involved w/ antislavery, L. Mott & E. C. Stanton Seneca Falls Convention of 1948- women’s grievances against discriminations, S. B. Anthony & E. C. Stanton Antislavery movement American Colonization society- in Liberia American Antislavery Society- W. L. Garrison ( The Liberator ) Black abolitionists- assisted fugitive slaves Violent abolition- Nat Turner Rebellion Other Reforms- dietary reforms, women’s clothes South was impacted little b/c valued tradition...
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Society, culture, & reform, 1820-1860 - Mental...

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