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The American Revolution & Confederation, 1774-1787

The American Revolution & Confederation, 1774-1787 -...

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The American Revolution & Confederation, 1774-1787 The First Continental Congress To restore the relationship before the war Agreed to a second congress Fighting Begins Lexington & Concord- destroyed military supplies at Concord, mauled at Lexington Bunker Hill- heavy losses by British Second Continental Congress Declaration of Causes & Necessities for Taking Up Arms G. Washington as commander-in-chief American navy & marine assembled “Olive Branch Petition” expressed loyalty to England Prohibitory Act- colonies in rebellion Declaration of Independence- T. Jefferson The War 40% Patriots- New England & Virginia 25& Loyalists- freedom to slaves who joined their side, Indians supported British Initial American Losses & Hardships Severe winter at Valley Forge Continentals ($$$) caused inflation Alliance w/ France Victory at Saratoga was the turning point Spain, Holland, & France support colonies
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Unformatted text preview: Victory at Yorktown- Cornwallis surrenders Treaty of Paris- (1) Britain recognizes US as a nation (2) Mississippi R. as western boundary (3) fishing rights off the coast of Canada (4) pay off debts to British merchants & return confiscated land Organization of New Govt.s State Govt.s- 3 branches as a safeguard against tyranny & voting to males w/ some property Articles of Confederation- weak central govt. Accomplishments- (1) Land Ordinance (1785)- sold western lands for public education (2) Northwest Ordinance (1787)- rules for creating new states Weaknesses- (1) no taxing power (2) little respect by other nations (3) Shay’s Rebellion Social Change No titles of nobility or primogeniture Separation of church & state Women maintained a 2 nd class status Continental Congress- abolish importation of slaves...
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