5714-Article Text-20519-1-10-20100806.pdf - Available online at www.banglajol.info Bangladesh J Sci Ind Res 45(2 155-162 2010 BANGLADESH JOURNAL OF

5714-Article Text-20519-1-10-20100806.pdf - Available...

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Introduction Power plays a great role wherever people lives and works in industry, agriculture, and transportation etc. The living stan- dard and prosperity of a nation vary directly with increase in use of power. As technology is advancing the consumption of power is steadily rising. Sufficient and reliable source of electricity is a major prerequisite for a sustained and success- ful economic development effort and poverty reduction. In Bangladesh, 90 million of the populations out of 140 million do not have direct access to electricity and remaining 50 mil- lion people have access but reliable and quality power is still beyond their reach (BPDB, 2007). In order to achieve the growth rate, availability of a reasonably priced and reliable source of electricity is a prerequisite. Present generation of electric power in Bangladesh is not sufficient to meet the consumers growing demand. So it is not possible to ensure a constant supply of electric power to all consumers through- out the country. Moreover the demand is increasing day by day. So it is essential to set up more generating station for over demanding load. On the other hand, the existing power stations have lost their lifetime; they are not reliable for steady generation. So it has to be replaced old generating units in various power stations. Shortage of power is serious problem and strong barrier for the development of our country. GOV of Bangladesh has so many limitations to set up sufficient power station. The GOV has given top priority to development of the sector considering its importance in overall development of the country. The GOV has set the goal of providing electricity to all citizens by 2020. Present status of power sector in Bangladesh Present structure of power sector: Different utilities are working under the guidance of Power Division, Ministry of Power, Energy & Mineral Resources (MPEMR): Generation Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB), Independent Power Producers (IPPs), Electric Generation Company of Bangladesh Ltd. (EGCB) Transmission Power Grid Company of Bangladesh Ltd. (PGCB) Distribution Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB), Dhaka Electric Supply Company Ltd. (DESCO), Power Crisis and Solution in Bangladesh Mohammad Asadul Haque a and Jalalur Rahman a * a Department of Physics, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh and b Department of Applied Physics, Electronics and Communication Engineering, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh Abstract Crisis of power is one of the major problems in Bangladesh. Day by day the gap between demand and production is increasing. Moreover, most of the power plants are gas based which will be phased out in future. Misuse, system loss and corruption in power sector are the main issue regarding this crisis. It is possible to control load demand by using compact fluorescent lamp (CFL), transformation of holiday, prop- er load management, encouraging Independent Power Producers (IPP) and reducing transmission loss. Priority should be given to control misuse and corruption in power sector than generation of power. Proper utilization of renewable energy is the up most choice
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