Chapter 7 Notes - RELIGION Chapter 7 What Is Religion and...

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RELIGION Chapter 7 What Is Religion, and What Role Does It Play in Culture?
Where Did the Major Religions of the World Originate, and How Do Religions Diffuse?
Classification of Religions
* Universalizing religions: Religions that actively seek converts because members believe they offer belief systems of universal appropriateness and appeal * Ethnic religions: Religions whose adherents are born into the faith and whose members do not actively seek converts Diffusion of Religions From the Hearth of South Asia * Hinduism * Originated in Indus River Valley over 4000 years ago * Practices and beliefs: Ritual bathing, karma, reincarnation * Sacred text: Vedas * Sacred site: Ganges River * Social manifestation: Caste system * Diffusion * South Asia * Southeast Asia Diffusion of Religions From the Hearth of South Asia * Buddhism – * Splintered from Hinduism 2500 years ago *

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