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ethics utilitarianism - Bentham and Sidgwick wanted...

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Ethics February 5, 2013 Utilitarianism: an act is right if and only if, out of all of the available acts, it is the one that brings about the most overall well-being. * Here “overall well- being” means “well-being for the world” or “societal well-being”. Mill is a utilitarian about right action To understand utilitarianism well, we need to know what well-being is. At a general level, to speak of you well-being is to speak of what is directly good for you. But can we provide a theory of well-being? Three main theories are discussed: 1. Hedonism 2. Desire theories 3. Objective-list theories Mills higher- lower pleasure distinction: an attempt to answer “swine objections”:
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Unformatted text preview: Bentham and Sidgwick wanted hedonism to be purely quantitative, and they held that, in determining how much any given feeling of pleasure is worth( in terms of wellbeing), we need only to consider intensity and duration. But this gives rise to the “swine objection” to hedonism. In an effort to answer the “swine objection”, Mill said that, in determining how much any given feeling of pleasure is worth ( in terms of well-being), we must consider intensity, duration, and source (quality), with the idea being that, all else equal. Higher pleasures are worth more then lower ones...
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