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quotes from books for exam - Notes on the Federal...

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Notes on the Federal Convention The distinctions between a federal and national, supreme, Government; the former being a mere compact resting on the good faith of the parties; the latter having a compleat and compulsive operation. He contended that in all Communities there must be one supreme power, and one only. Notes on the Federal Convention –Mr. Gov. Morris. “That the equality of suffrage established by the articles of Confederation ought no to prevail in the national Legislature, and that an equitable ratio of representation ought to be substituted” Notes on the Federal Convention – Madison Whatever reason might have existed for the equality of suffrage when the Union was a federal one among sovereign states, it must cease when a national Government should be put into the place. Notes on the Federal Convention – Madison He had often wondered at the indifference of the superior classes of society to this dictate of humanity & policy; considering that however affluent their circumstances or elevated their situations, might be, the course of a few years, not only might but certainly would, distribute their posterity through out the lowest classes of Society argument for popular election in federal convention by Mason The preservation of the States in a certain degree of agency is indispensable. It will produce that collision between the different authorities which should be wished for in order to check each other. TO attempt to abolish the states altogether, would degrade the Councils of our Country, would be impracticable, would be ruinous…If the State Governments were excluded from all agency in the national one, and all power drawn from the people at large, the consequence would be that the national Government would move in the same direction as the State Govt. now do, and would run into all the same mischiefs. Notes on Fed Convention – Dickenson There is no instance in which the laws say that the individual should be bound in one case & at liberty to judge whether he will obey or disobey in another. The cases are parallel. Abuses of power over the individual person may happen as well as over the individual States. Federal liberty is to States, what civil liberty, is to private individuals. And states are not more unwilling to purchase it, by the necessary concession of their political sovereignty that the savage is to purchase civil liberty by the surrender of his personal sovereignty, which he enjoys in a state of nature. A definition of the cases in which the Negative should be exercised, is impracticable. Notes on the Federal Convention – Wilson “With regard to the power of the Convention , he conceived himself authorized to conclude nothing , but to be at liberty to propose anything …With regard to the sentiments of the people , he conceived it difficult to know precisely what they are. Those of the particular circle in which one moved, were commonly mistaken for the general voice.” Notes on the Fed Convention – Wilson
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