Q 1 N190 Focus Review .docx - Week 1 PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT QUIZ FOCUS REVIEW 4 types of assessment techniques � Inspection used initially in physical

Q 1 N190 Focus Review .docx - Week 1 PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.

Week 1 PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT QUIZ FOCUS REVIEW 4 types of assessment techniques · Inspection - used initially in physical assessment (in focus assessment 1st thing you do is inspect) · Auscultation - is a physical assessment using stethoscope · Percussion - technique using the dominant hand's fingertip or blunt percussion · Palpation - using finger pads and/or ulnar or metacarpophalangeal joints of the hand Common equipment used in the clinical area? · Doppler - used when you cannot palpate the pulses · Goniometer - used to assess the degree of joint flexion and extension · Wood lamp - used to assess fungal infection on the skin · Skinfold caliper - used to assess subcutaneous thickness · Transilluminator - used to detect blood fluid or mass in body cavities · Stadiometer - used to measure height Primary Lesions · Macule - flat non-palpable change in the skin; smaller than 1cm with circumscribed · Papule - elevated mole < 0.5cm · Vesicle - fluid filled round, oval <0.5 cm · Bulla - larger than 0.5 cm Secondary Lesions · Keloid - exacerbated or excessive scar tissue · Fissure - linear crack w/ sharp edges extending into the dermis · Lichenification - results from constant rubbing, the skin become rough and rubbery · Atrophy - lesions that are translucent, dry paper like, sometimes wrinkled skin resulting from thinning or wasting of the skin due to lost of collagen or elastin Vascular Lesions · Venous lake - soft lesion either on the lake or on the lip; elevated, dark blue to purple and compressible · Hemangioma - a bright red lesion, raised and about 2-10 cm in diameter that does not blanch with pressure and is usually present at birth or within a few months of birth (typically disappears by age 10) · Port-wine stain - flat lesions, purple-red and irregular shapes; when patient cries or gets emotional it deepens in color Malignant Lesion · Basal cell carcinoma - most common but least malignant type of skin cancer · Malignant melanoma - the least common but most serious type of skin cancer b/c it spreads rapidly to lymph and blood vessels · Kaposi's sarcoma - common in pt with HIV Lesions according to configuration
· Group lesions - lesions that appear in clusters or are together in one area · Confluent lesions - lesions that runs together · Discrete lesions

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture