Week 3Review for Quiz 3 - N190Physical AssessmentAlveoli= functioning unit of the lungsResonance sounds= what is the technique?-Indirect percussionWhat is the normal lung sound during percussion in the intercoastal spaces?-Resonance soundWhat do you hear when there is are trapped in the lungs upon percussion?-Hyperresonance soundWhat is the other name for thorax?-Chest= a close cavity containing structures for respirationsWhat are the 3 sections of the respiratory system? -Mediastinum-Left pleural cavity (left lung = 2 lobes)-Right pleural cavity (right lung = 3 lobes)What is external respiration?-It is the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide at the alveoli in the lungsWhat is internal respiration?-It is the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide at the cellular level of the lungsChoanal atresia= a congenital defect wherein there is a membrane that obstruct the nasal passages of the newborn= this has to be assessed and intervened right away because it can lead to respiratory failureRespiratory rate of a newborn-irregular at 40-80/min-it reduces to 35/min at the age of 5Normalrespiratory rate of an Adult-12-20/min at restRespiratory cycle, breathing and respiration can be used interchangeably == they all mean the same2 Phases of Respiration1.Inspiration– active phase2.Expiration– passive phase
What is the initial step in respiratory assessment?-InspectionDuring lung auscultation, when listening to the normal breathing of the patient, and you hear a medium pitched sound in equal inspiration and expiration, what is it called?-Broncho-vesicularWhat are 4 types of normal breathing? (know the characteristics, ratio of inspiration and expiration & quality of sound upon auscultation)1. Tracheal– harsh, loud; located over the trachea.2. Bronchial– loud (2ndafter tracheal); located towards the base of the trachea/supraclavicular.