Q 3 N190 Focus Review.docx - Week 3 Review for Quiz 3 N190 Physical Assessment Alveoli = functioning unit of the lungs Resonance sounds = what is the

Q 3 N190 Focus Review.docx - Week 3 Review for Quiz 3 N190...

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Week 3 Review for Quiz 3 - N190 Physical Assessment Alveoli = functioning unit of the lungs Resonance sounds = what is the technique? - Indirect percussion What is the normal lung sound during percussion in the intercoastal spaces? - Resonance sound What do you hear when there is are trapped in the lungs upon percussion? - Hyperresonance sound What is the other name for thorax? - Chest = a close cavity containing structures for respirations What are the 3 sections of the respiratory system? - Mediastinum - Left pleural cavity (left lung = 2 lobes) - Right pleural cavity (right lung = 3 lobes) What is external respiration? - It is the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide at the alveoli in the lungs What is internal respiration? - It is the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide at the cellular level of the lungs Choanal atresia = a congenital defect wherein there is a membrane that obstruct the nasal passages of the newborn = this has to be assessed and intervened right away because it can lead to respiratory failure Respiratory rate of a newborn - irregular at 40-80/min - it reduces to 35/min at the age of 5 Normal respiratory rate of an Adult - 12-20/min at rest Respiratory cycle, breathing and respiration can be used interchangeably == they all mean the same 2 Phases of Respiration 1. Inspiration – active phase 2. Expiration – passive phase
What is the initial step in respiratory assessment? - Inspection During lung auscultation, when listening to the normal breathing of the patient, and you hear a medium pitched sound in equal inspiration and expiration, what is it called? - Broncho-vesicular What are 4 types of normal breathing? (know the characteristics, ratio of inspiration and expiration & quality of sound upon auscultation) 1. Tracheal – harsh, loud; located over the trachea. 2. Bronchial – loud (2 nd after tracheal); located towards the base of the trachea/supraclavicular.

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