Q 5 N190 Focuss Review .docx - N190 WK 6 Focus Review Abdominal Urinary What is the largest cavity in the body Abdomen What are 3 systems associated

Q 5 N190 Focuss Review .docx - N190 WK 6 Focus Review...

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N190 WK 6 Focus Review Abdominal & Urinary What is the largest cavity in the body? - Abdomen What are 3 systems associated with the abdomen? - Digestive system - Urinary system - Reproductive system How would you describe the alimentary canal of the digestive system? - It is a hallow tube from the mouth to the anus How long is the esophagus? - 10 inches How big is the stomach? - It DEPENDS on how much food is ingested What is the length of the small intestines? - 18-21 feet What is the length of the large intestines? - 5-5.5 feet What is the largest internal gland in the body? - Liver What are the functions of the liver? 1. Produces bile 2. Produces antibodies 3. Produces substance for the coagulation of blood 4. Aid in protein, fat and carbohydrates metabolism 5. Detoxifies harmful substances 6. Stores vitamins Where does the bile get stored? - Gallbladder What does gallbladder do to the bile? - Releases the bile when we eat fatty food What is bile for? - Emulsification of fat Is the pancreas both endocrine and exocrine gland? - YES What does the pancreas do as an endocrine gland? - Secretes insulin for carbohydrate and sugar metabolism
What does the pancreas do as an exocrine gland? - Secretes pancreatic juice to assist with digestion of protein, fats, and carbs What is the largest lymph node organ? - Spleen What are the functions of the spleen? - Graveyard of the RBC’s - Site for lymphocytic proliferation & immune surveillance - Filters blood - Destroys worn out RBC - Returns worn out products to the liver Why is the spleen called graveyard of the RBC’s? - Old and damaged RBC's are destroyed in the spleen and It is known as the RBCs Graveyard - The spleen recycles the old and damaged red blood cells and the white blood cells are stored What composes the urinary system? - 2 Kidney - 2 Ureters - Bladder - Urethra What are the glomeruli? - Clusters of capillaries of the kidney What does the glomeruli do? - Filters 1 liter of fluid per minute What are the landmarks of the urinary system? 1. CVA – costovertebral angle 2. Rectus abdominis 3. Symphysis pubis What are the abdominal landmarks/reference points? 1. Xiphoid process 2. Umbilicus 3. Costal margin 4. Iliac crest 5. Pubic bone What is the main concern when you get older? - Urinary elimination Why is urinary elimination a main concern when an individual advances in age? - Urinary retention - Urinary incontinence - Frequent voiding or urgency
What happens to the nephrons of individuals at the Age of 75 and above? - Loss of nephrons What occurs when there are loss nephrons? - Less glomerular filtration What happens when there is less glomerular filtration? - Susceptibility to drug toxicity T/F: Is accurate dosing of medication in elderly patient important? - True What percentage of men at the age of 85 and above have BPH (benign prostatic hypertrophy)?

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