MORAL PROBLEMS - JCC Smart Argument - Moral Problems...

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Moral Problems Argument Extraction – JJC Smart, pg 99-100 1/26/2012 ( C ) The rule itself is not a reason for our actions. (P) We would be perfectly justified in going on the right hand side if (a) we knew that the rule was to go on the left hand side, and (b) we were in a country peopled by super-anarchists who always on principle did the opposite of what they were told. (P) This shows that the rule does not give us a reason for acting so much as an indication of the probable actions of others, which helps us to find out what would be our own most rational course of action. (P) If we are in a country not peopled by anarchists, but by non- anarchist extreme Utilitarians, we expect, other things being equal, that they will keep rules laid down for them. (P) Knowledge of the rule enables us to predict their behavior and to harmonize our own actions with theirs. (P) The rule “keep to the left hand side,” then, is not a logical reason for action but an anthropological datum for planning actions.”
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  • Spring '12
  • Speetzen
  • Logic, Reason, Left-handedness

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