Critical thinking - chapter 4 notes

Critical thinking - chapter 4 notes - Chapter 4 What is...

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Chapter 4: What is logical entailment? What is the differences among technical impossibility, physical impossibility, and logical impossibility? What is validity? What is it for an argument to be sound? How does an argument’s being sound compare to its being cogent? Can you have one without the other? T or F? If you agree with someone’s conclusion, you must admit that their argument is valid? T or F? If you disagree with someone’s conclusion, that implies that their argument must not be cogent? What are the ARG conditions for cogency? What is the nature of a deductive argument? What is the nature of an inductive argument? How do deductive and inductive arguments differ? T or F? The premises of a valid deductive argument must be true?
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Unformatted text preview: T or F? The conclusion of a valid deductive argument must be true? T or F? An inductive argument can be valid? Many people mistakenly believe that a deductive argument goes from a general premise to a specific conclusion, while an inductive argument goes from specific premises to a general conclusion. Why is this belief mistaken? Are there any proofs in science? What kind of arguments are used in science? What kind of arguments are used in math? How can an argument be valid and yet its premises not be relevant, i.e., not provide any reason to believe the conclusion? What is the difference between a criticism of an argument and a criticism of the conclusion of that argument?...
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  • Fall '11
  • Possin
  • Logic, arg

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