Critical thinking - chapter 7 notes

Critical thinking - chapter 7 notes - Chapter 7 What is it...

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Chapter 7: What is it for our premises to be relevant? That is the question. What is a non sequitur ? What is it for the premises of a deductive argument to be relevant? What is an argument by analogy? What is the basic format of an argument by analogy? What is it for the premises of an argument by analogy to be relevant? What is the fallacy of False Analogy? Be able to identify instances of it. Be able to follow all the details of the J.J. Thomson Violinist analogy. What conclusion does she draw from it? What is the basic format of an inductive argument? What is it for the premise of an inductive argument to be irrelevant? Be able to identify instances of it. Be able to use the “turkey” argument to illustrate. What is an inductive argument by analogy, and what is it for its premise to be irrelevant? Be able to identify instances of it. What is the basic format of a subsumption argument, and what is it for its premise to be irrelevant? Violations of the Relevance condition that give rise to famous informal fallacies—be able to
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Unformatted text preview: explain how and why each of the fallacies involves an irrelevant premise: What is the Straw Man fallacy? Be able to identify instances of it. What is the Ad Hominem fallacy? Be able to identify instances of it. What are the various species of the Ad Hominem? Be able to identify instances of them: Poisoning the Well: Genetic Fallacy: Tu Quoque: When is an attack on a person’s motives for giving an argument or making a claim not an ad hominem? What is the fallacy of Guilt by Association? Be able to identify instances of it. What is the fallacy of Appeal to Ignorance? Be able to identify instances of it. What is the Appeal to Popularity? Why is it fallacious? Be able to identify instances of it. Note that appeals to past practices and habits are also appeals to popularity. What is the Appeal to Force? Why is it fallacious? Be able to identify instances of it....
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  • Fall '11
  • Possin
  • inductive argument, Tu quoque, J.J. Thomson, instances

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