Music History Quiz 1 - Music Rhythm 1 Music in times 2...

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Music : Rhythm : 1) Music in times 2) Underlying sense of pulse in music 3) Combination of notes of different durations & rests 4) A repeated pattern of notes & rests of different durations Measure : a group of 2, 3 beats Meter : groups of measures over time Meter change : changing from groups of 2 3 or 3 2 Downbeat : strongest beat, first beat in meter Upbeat : weak beat or weak part of beat Syncopation : placing emphasis on an unexpected beat Tempo : how fast or slow the pulse occurs Pitch : highs / lows {frequency} of sound Note / Tone : musical pitches Octave : 1) the fundamental way of organizing pitches in Western classical music 2) doubling or halving of a particular notes frequency Octaves : bracket each type of scale Tonic : note that the scale starts on & returns to at the octave Chromatic scale : all 12 notes between octaves; consists of half steps; draw the other scales out of the chromatic scale Diatonic scales : a series of 7 notes, starting on tonic & ending on the octave repeat Diatonic scales
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