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Exam 1 review questions - EXAM 1 REVIEW QUESTIONS...

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EXAM 1 – REVIEW QUESTIONS Introduction to Psychology, Section 1 Exam 123 SBU 5:20-6:40pm Wednesday 2/27 Review session – Monday 2/25 in 116 Old Chem from 6:50 to 8:10pm Suppose you want to draw some psychological conclusions in a way that is consistent with the scientific  aspect of psychology. You should base your conclusions on   A) the beliefs held by most people.   B) the fundamental notion of common sense.   C) your personal feelings or intuitions, but only if they are reasonable.   D) evidence collected according to the principles of the scientific method.   When drawing conclusions about behavior, psychologists rely on   A) their own personal beliefs.   B) what is known as "common sense."   C) objectively collected information.   D) their everyday observations of people.   The first task in psychology is to make accurate observations about behavior. This means that psychologists  must first ________ behavior.   A) predict   B) explain   C) control   D) describe   Which of the following is most similar to the psychological goal of control?   A) A girl discovers that she can make her brother cry by teasing him.   B) A pet owner expects that her dog will be waiting for her when she gets home.   C) A child likes ice cream because it tastes good.   D) A poet writes a poem describing a beautiful snowfall.   The types of interventions that allow people to improve the quality of their lives is most directly the result  of which one of the goals of psychological research?   A) control   B) prediction   C) explanation   D) description    Which of the following is NOT a valid criticism of structuralism?   A) It reduced complex experience to simple sensations.   B) It emphasized data collected from non - human participants.   C) It studied only verbal reports of conscious awareness.   D) It did not study complex, or whole, behaviors directly.  
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As an advocate of an alternative to structuralism, the German psychologist ________ focused on the way in  which the mind understands experiences as organized wholes rather than as the sums of simple parts.   A) Max Wertheimer   B) Sigmund Freud   C) Wilhelm Wundt   D) Edward Titchener  With respect to the legacies of structuralism and functionalism, contemporary psychologists currently  examine   A) only the function of behavior.   B) only the structure of behavior.   C) both the structure and function of behavior.   D) neither the structure nor the function of behavior.   A friend who has been studying psychology a lot longer than you tells you that your habit of biting your 
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