Introduction to China Final Exam Review

Introduction to China Final Exam Review - Introduction to...

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Introduction to China Final Exam Review The Origins of Chinese Civilization: Neolithic Period to the Western Zhou Dynasty (to 771 BC) Chapter One, Pages 10-33 Chinese had a “great man” theory instead of gods/goddesses on how their civilization developed [imperial period] o Series of brilliant humans and their inventions that transformed the Chinese from primitive to a highly civilized one Fu Xi [ox-tamer] = domesticated animals, invented family Shen Dong [Divine Farmer] = invented bow and arrow, boats, carts, ceramics, writing, and silk; fought battle that secured Yellow River Plain One of first 5 predynastic rulers Yao = devised calendar and rituals; 2 nd to last predynastic ruler Shun = filial piety and was a chosen successor of Yao Yu = originally an official of Shun, divided realm into 9 regions with bronze vessels to represent each one; people turned to his son to continue ruling them and was beginning hereditary, dynastic rule [Yu + son = first 2 kinds of Xia Dynasty] o Three ancient dynasties Xia Shang Zhou Total of 14 rulers Overthrown with King Jie [tyrant] by his subordinates Total of 30 rulers King lost support and made possible for Zhou to overthrow them Last of 3 ancient dynasties China’s past was like the past of a family that could be traced through a single line of ancestors
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o Legends show educated Chinese from time of Confucius (c. 500 BC) agriculture, o All the “strands” of Chinese contributed to the growth of the Chinese empire Rivers, mountain ranges, contemporary maps, Shanghai, Beijing (Major Cities) Han Chinese most dominated [Mandarin, Putonghua, “common speech”] – East Tibet (Tibetan Plateau) second – west/southwest Uighur/Eastern Turkistan third – northwest o To west, harsh environment (basins/oasis/deserts); mountain ranges o On southwest, scattered around – heterogeneous (original Laos, Thai) Only for the past 100-150 years did they think they were a ‘clan’, not Chinese Dialects in Southeastern China are diverse are diverse and mutually unintelligible with Mandarin and each other Southeast = Han Chinese (majority); some different languages (Cantonese, Hakka, etc.) Ethnic minorities – most speak non-Chinese languages City and countryside o Besides regional ethnic differences, major divide is between urban and rural o 80% of population still lives in rural villages – almost 1 million Traditionally, they’re farming but that’s changing 200 million people from countryside have migrated to cities in recent years Cultural unities o Written language, a common ancestry o Relatively more group oriented than Westerners o Strongest shared connections are family oriented Entity that transcends generations History of Chinese History On pronouncing Chinese names and terms
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o Historical development of Chinese Ancient Chinese
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ANS 302 taught by Professor Boretz during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Introduction to China Final Exam Review - Introduction to...

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