practice test 1

practice test 1 - Introduction 1. Which of the following is...

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Introduction 1. Which of the following is an “ideal type” explanation that abstracts and emphasizes certain facts over others? a. Perspective b. Judgment c. Level of analysis d. Method 2. Which of the following is defined as an “informed opinion”? a. Methods b. Theory c. Counterfactual reasoning d. Judgment 3. What is counterfactual reasoning? a. Accidentally using bad logic b. A way of separating mutually constitutive events c. Asking “what if” questions d. All of the above 4. What is the primary emphasis of the liberal perspective? a. Relationships and negotiations among international actors b. The relative power of states c. The ideas held by individual states d. The decentralization of power among states 5. Perspectives are “ideal type” explanations that are which of the following? a. are guided by our ethics and morality b. are based on experience and other factors beyond theory c. emphasize certain causes of events over others 6. The direction from which an explanation comes is called the a. method b. perspective c. judgment d. level of analysis 7. Which perspective focuses on the ideas that motivate the use of power? a. Realism b. Liberalism c. Identity 8. Which of the methods uses counterfactual reasoning? a. Constructivist b. Rationalist c. Both d. Neither 9. Which view of ethics suggests that some moral values apply to all people at all times? a. Relativism
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b. Universalism c. Pragmatism 10. Institutions, interactions, and negotiations are emphasized by which of the following? a. realism b. liberalism c. identity 11. Which perspective is most likely to use the constructivist method? a. Realism b. Liberalism c. Identity 12. Asking if World War I would have occurred even if Archduke Franz Ferdinand had not been assassinated is an example of which of the following? a. Judgment b. Constructivist methods c. Rationalist methods d. Counterfactual reasoning 13. What would make negotiations among states difficult, according to the identity perspective? a. If states did not participate in the same institutions b. If states have vastly different levels of power c. If states view themselves in diverging terms d. All of the above 14. The attitude of “live and let live” is most suggestive of which moral view? a. Relativism b. Universalism c. Pragmatism 15. When might the realist perspective have an advantage over the other perspectives? a. When seeking ways to cooperate with other states b. When trying to distinguish between potential allies and enemies c. In situations of threat 16. Which of the following accurately describes the constructivist method? a. It sees causation as sequential b. It believes that language and labeling are relatively objective c. Explanations derive from the logic of consequence d. Events are bound together in context 17. According to the realist perspective, what is a consequence of the decentralized distribution of power in the world? a. States are free to determine their individual identities
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practice test 1 - Introduction 1. Which of the following is...

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