Chapter 10 psych outline

Chapter 10 psych - Chapter 10 Dynamics of Self Control o What are Dynamics of Self Control o How Dynamics of Self Control are Distinctive Many

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Chapter 10: Dynamics of Self Control o What are Dynamics of Self Control? o How Dynamics of Self Control are Distinctive Many dynamics of self control being with the part of the personality variously called the conscious self, or ego. They refer to the part of us that is aware. The self-awareness of our own desires and their possible positive and negative ramifications motivates us to try to exert control over ourselves: to pick on thing to do, and reject another o The Need for Self Control If the personality system no longer behaves under its own control, the personality system degenearates into a disorganized collection of functions Those who have lost much of the capacity for self— monitoring and control engage in erratic behavior, are irrational and self-destructive, and in the extremes of untreated mental illness, may stay in bed day after day, or shout at themselves, without a plan to follow. o Aims of Self-Control People exercise self-control so as to meet their short and long term goals o How does Self-Control Occur? o The Self in Control The Problem of the Egotistical Ego Totalitarian ego: Greenwald meant that a person’s conscious self typically behaves like a dictator, in a self-preserving and often self-aggrandizing fashion. Egocentrism means that the ego is the center of things. Beneffectance refers to the tendency to take credit for the good things in one’s life and to avoid responsibility for the bad. People also suffer from a confirmation bias in which they seek to confirm ideas they already hold – often by ignoring contrary information. o Ex: if people believe they are about to interview an introvert, they are more likely to ask questions that are biased toward the introvert hypothesis in order to confirm their beliefs Feedback and the Feedback Loop Accurate information about the self can be regarded as feedback.
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A feedback loop involves a cycle that includes acting, receiving information about the success or failure of the act, and then acting again. Feedback loops come from the field of cybernetics o It concerns itself with how systems are controlled and the flow of information within systems. The most important feedback loop for psychological
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PPE 3003 taught by Professor Madsen during the Fall '06 term at FSU.

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Chapter 10 psych - Chapter 10 Dynamics of Self Control o What are Dynamics of Self Control o How Dynamics of Self Control are Distinctive Many

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