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America’s Space Race Analysis ObjectiveWhat was the Space Race? Why was it important to the U.S. to be a global leader in technology and science? Directions: Review the timeline of the Cold War Space Race below and answer the analysis question that follows. Cold War Space Race October 1957Soviet Union launches the first satellite into space- Sputnik I. Thiscauses Americans to fear Soviets spying on Americans from space January 1958 The US launches the first American satellite into space - Explorer I October 1958President Eisenhower established NASA(National Aeronauticsand Space Administration) to develop space technology April 12th1961 First human space flightis achieved by the Soviet Union. YuriGagarin orbits the earth for 108 minutes May 5th 1961Alan Shepard is the first American to achieve human space flight.His flight lasts only 15 minutes May 19th1961 First planetary flyby(Venus) completed by the USSR February 1962John Glenn is the first American to orbit the EarthMarch 1965First human spacewalkcompleted by Soviet Union. It lasts for 12 minutes June 1965First American spacewalklasts 22 minutes February 1966First lunar landingcompleted by a Soviet unmanned spacecraft June 1966Surveyor 1 is thefirst US spacecraft to land on the moonJune 20th1969Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin are the first men onthe moon Analysis Question: Based on this timeline, who do you think “won” the Space Race - the U.S. or the Soviet Union? Why? U.S., they were the first to have men on the moon
Primary Source Document Analysis: Analyze the excerpts of the speech provided below. Watch this video of the speechif you wish to listen to President Kennedy. Primary Source Document - Historical Context: In 1962, NASA opened the Houston Space Center to develop further space technology and train astronauts. As the Space Race between the U.S. and the Soviet Union heated up, it became clear that the nation to develop technology to first land on the moon would be the most advanced. President Kennedy attended the opening ceremonies of the Houston Space Center and then gave a now famousspeech at Rice Universitysometimes referred to as “We choose to go to the Moon”, a famous line from the speech. Excerpt 1 - Leadership in Space Technology (Video clip: 5:00 - 5:50) . . . The exploration of space will go ahead, whether we join in it or not, and it is one of the great adventures of all time, and no nation which expects to be the leader of other nations can expect to stay behind in the race for space.