Truman Doctrine & Containment Using Evidence Objective What was the Truman Doctrine? How did President Truman think the United States could contain the spread of communism in Europe? Why did some people oppose the Truman Doctrine? Contextualization: Review and answer the questions below to help you contextualize the primary source documents you are about to read. 1)What was the Cold War? Political rivalry between US and Soviet Union2)Approximately when did the Cold War begin? 19473)What was one major cause of the Cold War? Political rivalry between US and Soviet Union4)What were the two major nations involved in the Cold War? US Soviet Union
Primary Source Document AnalysisBelow are excerpts of two primary source documents. Read the context for each document along with the excerpt of the primary source, and then answer the analysis questions that follow. Historical Context - Primary Source Document #1:On Friday, February 21, 1947, the British Embassy informed the U.S. State Department officials that Great Britain could no longer provide financial aid to the governments of Greece and Turkey. American policymakers had been monitoring Greece's crumbling economic and political conditions, especially the rise of the Communist-led rebels; the Communist group was growing in power quickly. Addressing a joint session of Congress on March 12, 1947, President Harry S. Truman asked for $400 million in military and economic assistance for Greece and Turkey and established a doctrine, aptly characterized as the Truman Doctrine, that would guide U.S. diplomacy for the next 40 years. Primary Source Document #1: The Truman Doctrine(excerpted) - March 14th 1947 . . . The gravity of the situation which confronts the world today necessitates my appearance before a joint session of the Congress. The foreign policy and the national security of this country are involved. The United States has received from the Greek Government an urgent appeal for financial and economic assistance to support their fight against communism. Preliminary reports from the American Economic Mission now in Greece and reports from the American Ambassador in Greece corroborate the statement of the Greek Government that assistanceis imperative if Greece is to survive as a free nation. Greece is not a rich country. Lack of sufficient natural resources has always forced the Greek people to work hard to make both ends meet. Since 1940, this industrious and peace loving country has suffered invasion, four years of cruel enemy occupation, and bitter internal strife. When forces of liberation entered Greece they found that the retreating Germans had destroyed virtually all the railways, roads, port facilities,
communications, and merchant marine. More than a thousand villages had been burned.