UNIT 2 NOTES - UNIT TWO NOTES World War I Drews Hist 2112...

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UNIT TWO NOTESWorld War IDrews – Hist 2112 –1/30/2013World War IThe Great WarGreat in regards to the great number of countries involvedThe War to End All WarsWoodrow Wilson and the WorldWanted to focus domesticallyAnd he did focus domestically until 1916Isolationist foreign policyWilson had a great distaste for war“America was too proud to fight”Foreign meant “The Americas”Monroe Doctrine/ Roosevelt CorollaryDo not mess with the AmericasNicaragua, Haiti and Dominican RepublicMexicoVictoriano Huerta seized powerHe was a dictatorUS didn’t like himUS forced him into exilePoor people felt the U. S. had betrayed the goals of the revoltHuerta was actually helping poor peoplePancho Villa led rebel army attacking US interestsRemember him!!!He attacked US businesses along the US borderWilson sent in 12,000 troopsA big number of troops for that period in timePurposeFind and stop Pancho VillaOne of the most important triggers in involving US in WWIThe European CrisisWilson as not able to avoid the gathering storm in EuropeGermany defeated France in 1871 warLong standing hostility between the Prussian Empire (Germany)and FranceAnnexed French provinces of Alsace and LorraineAlsace and Lorrainespoke French, but mostly German customsCreated tensions between the two European powersGermany wanted respect for its boundaries and wanted colonies to fuel itseconomyAnd also wanted the Alsace and Lorraine territory back!Prussia was greatly focused on Europe and saw their empire asbeing in EuropeAustria – Hungary greatly allied with Germany (Prussia)
Nationalism Threatened Austria - HungarySarajevoSerbiaSerbs were concerned that the growing empire would take overthemFaced Independence movementsSerbian Assassinated Austrian Heir to Throne in SarajevoAssassinated Archduke FerdinandAustria – Hungary Declared War on SerbiaSerbia Allied with RussiaRussia Allied with FranceFrance Allied with Great BritainAustria-Hungary Allied with GermanyGermans Allied with Ottoman Turks against RussiaChain Reaction as each ally starts to declare war on one anotherSecret Treaties between Allies Guaranteed Selfish Gaines in ExpectedWars with NeighborsIn addition to known treaties, a lot of secret treaties came aboutMobilizationGreat Powers had practiced Mobilization drills using Railways.Germany was Fastest in drillsRussia was Slowest in drillsGermany invaded neutral Belgium to attack FranceBelgium was a neutral countryTook over BelgiumExpected to take out France quickly and add it all to its empireWould then focus on RussiaDid Not Expect Resulting Stalemate in Trench WarfareTrench warfarenot much movement, everyone just keptshooting at each other

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