UNIT 2 NOTES - UNIT TWO NOTES World War I Drews Hist 2112 World War I The Great War Great in regards to the great number of countries involved The War

UNIT 2 NOTES - UNIT TWO NOTES World War I Drews Hist 2112...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 22 pages.

UNIT TWO NOTES World War I Drews – Hist 2112 – 1/30/2013 World War I The Great War Great in regards to the great number of countries involved The War to End All Wars Woodrow Wilson and the World Wanted to focus domestically And he did focus domestically until 1916 Isolationist foreign policy Wilson had a great distaste for war “America was too proud to fight” Foreign meant “The Americas” Monroe Doctrine/ Roosevelt Corollary Do not mess with the Americas Nicaragua, Haiti and Dominican Republic Mexico Victoriano Huerta seized power He was a dictator US didn’t like him US forced him into exile Poor people felt the U. S. had betrayed the goals of the revolt Huerta was actually helping poor people Pancho Villa led rebel army attacking US interests Remember him!!! He attacked US businesses along the US border Wilson sent in 12,000 troops A big number of troops for that period in time Purpose Find and stop Pancho Villa One of the most important triggers in involving US in WWI The European Crisis Wilson as not able to avoid the gathering storm in Europe Germany defeated France in 1871 war Long standing hostility between the Prussian Empire (Germany) and France Annexed French provinces of Alsace and Lorraine Alsace and Lorraine spoke French, but mostly German customs Created tensions between the two European powers Germany wanted respect for its boundaries and wanted colonies to fuel its economy And also wanted the Alsace and Lorraine territory back! Prussia was greatly focused on Europe and saw their empire as being in Europe Austria – Hungary greatly allied with Germany (Prussia)
Image of page 1
Nationalism Threatened Austria - Hungary Sarajevo Serbia Serbs were concerned that the growing empire would take over them Faced Independence movements Serbian Assassinated Austrian Heir to Throne in Sarajevo Assassinated Archduke Ferdinand Austria – Hungary Declared War on Serbia Serbia Allied with Russia Russia Allied with France France Allied with Great Britain Austria-Hungary Allied with Germany Germans Allied with Ottoman Turks against Russia Chain Reaction as each ally starts to declare war on one another Secret Treaties between Allies Guaranteed Selfish Gaines in Expected Wars with Neighbors In addition to known treaties, a lot of secret treaties came about Mobilization Great Powers had practiced Mobilization drills using Railways. Germany was Fastest in drills Russia was Slowest in drills Germany invaded neutral Belgium to attack France Belgium was a neutral country Took over Belgium Expected to take out France quickly and add it all to its empire Would then focus on Russia Did Not Expect Resulting Stalemate in Trench Warfare Trench warfare not much movement, everyone just kept shooting at each other
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 22 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture