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UNIT TWO NOTESWorld War IDrews – Hist 2112 –1/30/2013World War IThe Great War–Great in regards to the great number of countries involvedThe War to End All WarsWoodrow Wilson and the World•Wanted to focus domestically–And he did focus domestically until 1916–Isolationist foreign policy–Wilson had a great distaste for war•“America was too proud to fight”•Foreign meant “The Americas”–Monroe Doctrine/ Roosevelt Corollary•Do not mess with the Americas–Nicaragua, Haiti and Dominican Republic–Mexico•Victoriano Huerta seized power•He was a dictator•US didn’t like himUS forced him into exile•Poor people felt the U. S. had betrayed the goals of the revolt•Huerta was actually helping poor people•Pancho Villa led rebel army attacking US interests•Remember him!!!•He attacked US businesses along the US border•Wilson sent in 12,000 troops•A big number of troops for that period in time•PurposeFind and stop Pancho Villa•One of the most important triggers in involving US in WWI•The European Crisis–Wilson as not able to avoid the gathering storm in Europe–Germany defeated France in 1871 war•Long standing hostility between the Prussian Empire (Germany)and France–Annexed French provinces of Alsace and Lorraine•Alsace and Lorrainespoke French, but mostly German customs–Created tensions between the two European powers–Germany wanted respect for its boundaries and wanted colonies to fuel itseconomy•And also wanted the Alsace and Lorraine territory back!•Prussia was greatly focused on Europe and saw their empire asbeing in Europe•Austria – Hungary greatly allied with Germany (Prussia)
•Nationalism Threatened Austria - Hungary–Sarajevo–Serbia•Serbs were concerned that the growing empire would take overthem–Faced Independence movements–Serbian Assassinated Austrian Heir to Throne in Sarajevo•Assassinated Archduke Ferdinand•Austria – Hungary Declared War on Serbia–Serbia Allied with Russia–Russia Allied with France–France Allied with Great Britain–Austria-Hungary Allied with Germany–Germans Allied with Ottoman Turks against Russia–Chain Reaction as each ally starts to declare war on one another–Secret Treaties between Allies Guaranteed Selfish Gaines in ExpectedWars with Neighbors•In addition to known treaties, a lot of secret treaties came about•Mobilization–Great Powers had practiced Mobilization drills using Railways.–Germany was Fastest in drills–Russia was Slowest in drills–Germany invaded neutral Belgium to attack France•Belgium was a neutral country•Took over Belgium–Expected to take out France quickly and add it all to its empire•Would then focus on Russia–Did Not Expect Resulting Stalemate in Trench Warfare•Trench warfarenot much movement, everyone just keptshooting at each other•