1. The primacy effect is attributed to*a. recall of information stored in long-term memory.b. a type of rehearsal that improves memory for all items in a list.c. recall of information still active in short-term memory.d. forgetting of early items in a list as they are replaced by later items.2. The primacy effect (from the serial position curve experiment) is associated with ___________memory.*a. long-termb. short-termc. sensoryd. implicit3. Murdoch’s “remembering a list” experiment described the serial position curve and found that memory is best for ___________of a list.a. the first wordsb. the middle wordsc. the last words*d. both the first and last words4. When investigating the serial position curve, delaying the memory test for 30 seconds*c. decreases the recency effect.5. Regarding free recall of a list of items, which of the following will most likely cause the recency effect to disappear by preventing rehearsal?*c. Counting backward for 30 seconds before recall
6. The recency effect occurs when participants are asked to recall a list of words. One way to eliminate the recency effect is to*c. have participants count backwards for 30 seconds after hearing the last word of the list.7. The predominant type of coding in long-term memory isa. phonological.b. concrete.d. visual.*c. semantic.8. This multiple-choice question is an example of a ___________test.*b. recognition9. Lamar has just gotten a new job and is attending a company party where he will meethis colleagues for the first time. His boss escorts him around to small groups to introduce him. At the first group, Lamar meets four people and is told only their first names. The same thing happens with a second group and a third group. At the fourth group, Lamar is told their names and that one of the women in the group is the company accountant. A little while later, Lamar realizes that he only remembers the names of the people in the first group, though he also remembers the profession of the last woman he met (the accountant). Lamar’s experience demonstrates*b. a build-up and release of proactive interference.