CTCh7MoreFallaciesDefinitions - CHAPTER 6 MORE...

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CHAPTER 6: MORE PSEUDOREASONING OR FALLACIES AD HOMINEM In all ad hominem fallacies we attack the speaker rather than the claim. Personal Attack We commit the fallacy of PERSONAL ATTACK AD HOMINEM when we try to discredit a claim by personally attacking the speaker. Jack said that bilingual education has been a failure, but what does he know? He’s totally clueless. Circumstantial Ad Hominem We commit the fallacy of CIRCUMSTANTIAL AD HOMINEM when we try to discredit a claim by attacking the speaker based upon their circumstances. My brother says you always should give a 20% tip, but he works in the food industry Pseudorefutation We commit the fallacy of PSEUDOREFUTATION when we attack the credibility of a speaker by accusing them of having been inconsistent in some way. Maria said that NPR is a success, but I don’t believe it because she used to be against it. Poisoning the well We commit the fallacy of poisoning the well when we say something to discredit somebody before they have even made a claim. For example, Karen Horney isn’t nuts. Really.
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MISPLACED BURDEN OF PROOF Someone commits the MISPLACED BURDEN OF PROOF fallacy when
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  • Spring '13
  • Newman
  • Jack, Ad hominem, Circumstantial ad Hominem

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