ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior - Organizations are...

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Organizations are entities that enable society to pursue accomplishments that cannot be achieved by individuals acting alone. Work behaviors of individuals occur within organizations. In order to better understand these behaviors, organizations ought to be formally studied as well as people, processes, and structure. Organizational Behavior is the study of individuals and groups within organizational settings . The formal study of organizational behavior began to develop around 1948 to 1952. This field attempts to help managers understand people better so that productivity improvements can be made through better management practices. The effectiveness of any organization is influenced greatly by human behavior. People are a resource common to all organizations. The pizza parlor, the manufacturing plant, and the produce stand employ and interact with people. To be effective, managers of organizations must view each employee or member as a unique embodiment. Organizations are social systems. The relationship among individuals and groups in organizations create expectations for the behavior of individuals. These expectations result in certain roles that must be performed. Some people must perform leadership roles, while others must play the roles of the followers. Middle managers, because they have both superiors and subordinates, must perform both roles. The basic idea of the contingency approach is that there is no one best way to manage. A method that is very effective in one situation may not work at all in others. The contingency approach has grown in popularity because research has shown that given certain characteristics of a job and certain characteristics of the people doing the job, some management practices work better than others. An organization’s structure is the formal pattern of how its people and jobs are grouped. Structure often is illustrated by an organization chart. Processes are activities that give life to the organization chart. Communication, decision-making, and organization development are examples of processes in organizations. Sometimes, understanding process problems such as breakdowns in communication and decision-making will result in a more accurate understanding of organizational behavior. The pattern of basic assumptions used by individuals and groups to deal with the organization and its environment is called its culture. The organization’s culture is the personality, the atmosphere, or the “feel” of the enterprise. A firm’s culture results in shared thoughts, feelings, and talk about the organization. Cultures of organizations can be positive or negative. Motivation theory attempts to explain and predict how the behavior of individuals is aroused, started, sustained, and stopped.
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