The abstinence violation effect (AVE) occurs when an individual, having made a personal commitment to abstain from using a substance or to cease engaging in some other unwanted behavior, has an initial lapse whereby the substance or behavior is engaged in at least once . Some individuals may then proceed to uncontrolled use . Alcohol proof is a measure of how much alcohol ( ethanol ) is contained in an alcoholic beverage . KNOW THIS How Alcohol Metabolizes: Through oxidation, alcohol is detoxified and removed from the blood, preventing the alcohol from accumulating and destroying cells and organs . A minute amount of alcohol escapes metabolism and is excreted unchanged in the breath and in urine. Until all the alcohol consumed has been metabolized, it is distributed throughout the body, affecting the brain and other tissues. - Alcohol is the most abused substance by women. KNOW THIS On average 1 milligram of Nicotine is absorbed in the bloodstream from smoking a cigarette . KNOW THIS There are four categories of volatile substances: Volatile Solvents : - liquid or semi-solid solvent that vaporizes at room temperature - depress central nervous system - glues, paint, petrol etc Aerosols - contain volatile solvents and propellant gas - depress central nervous system spray paints, deodorant, hair spray etc Gases - depress central nervous system butane, propane anesthetics gases- nitrous oxide Nitrites - vasodilators and muscle relaxants amyl, butyl Toluene: The psychoactive water-insoluble chemical found in many commonly abused inhalants KNOW THIS such as glues, paints, thinners & nail polish. Toluene has no medical uses. It can cause heart arrhythmia as well as particular damage to kidneys & liver. KNOW THAT TOLUENE IS A Volatile Solvent What is the most abused illicit drug: Marijuana KNOW THIS The most potent Cannabinoids : Hashish. THC levels can be as high as 28%. KNOW THIS Gate way Drugs : Substances that lead to the use of other stronger drugs . A typical progression of drug use starts with cigarettes and alcohol, and then marijuana before moving on to the stronger drugs . KNOW THIS What are the Current Medical uses of cocaine?
- Cocaine is absorbed so well into mucous membranes that it remains in use for surgery in the ear, nose, and throat regions . It was first used in psychiatry and as a local anesthetic. Sigmund Freud studied the drug for its potential as a treatment for a variety of ailments including depression and morphine dependence. Early medical applications were in eye surgery and dentistry. What form of cocaine is injected: The most commonly seen version is the powdered form of cocaine that is either snorted as a powder or dissolved into water and injected. Paranoid psychosis is a break with reality that includes extreme fear and anxiety associated with delusions . Paranoia is a common feature of many delusions, especially in cases like persecutory delusions where people become convinced that they are under attack or someone is out to get them.
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- Winter '12
- Morphine, cocaine, Benzodiazepine