DSST Intro to World Religions - Intro to World Religions Hinduism Hinduism is the only religion with NO one single founder Some of Hinduisms features

DSST Intro to World Religions - Intro to World Religions...

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Intro to World Religions Hinduism Hinduism is the only religion with NO one single founder. Some of Hinduisms features can be traced to the Harappa civilization (Lived on banks of Indus River from 2750 B.C.) Between 1750 & 1500 B.C. thousands of Aryans moved into the region and mixed with Harappas forming the religion of the VEDIC period. (Aryans influenced Hinduism) VEDAS : 4 collections of HYMNS and RITUAL texts. India’s earliest surviving compositions written between 1500 BC and 600 BC. Considered TRANSHUMAN (not authored by man) by Hindus. Written in SANDSKRIT . RIG-VEDA: Oldest of the 4 Vedas. Book of HYMNS (over 1,000) SAMA – VEDA: Book of SONGS and MELODIES YAJAR- VEDA: Book of RITUALS , for ceremonial religion ATHARVA-VEDA: Book of SPELLS , Spells and charms for the common people similar to MAGIC . Taught in homes. RIG-SAMA-YAJAR: Triple Sacred Science SANDSKRIT: is considered sacred and is NOT TRANSLATED , Language of the GODS CASTE SYSTEM : Influenced by the ARYAN concept VARNA and LAWS OF MANU BRAHMINS: Priestly class, (scholars, philosophers) ONLY ONES TO LEARN & TEACH VEDAS KSHATRIYAS: Royalty, Kings, Rulers, Warriors DEFENSE OF THE PEOPLE , LEARN ONLY NO TEACH VAISHYAS : Traders, Merchants, ECONOMIC & WEALTH DECISIONS SHUDRAS : “DALIT” Servants, Laborers, SERVE HIGHER CASTES (Basically SLAVES) UNTOUCHABLES : Outcasts, people that dealt with Death and Dirty Jobs UPANISHADIC ERA : Between VEDIC period and Classical Hinduism, Philosophical Texts, Critical Thinking, Do NOT reject VEDAS, FIRST MENTION OF KARMA VEDANTA SYSTEM : Upanishads, means “end of Vedas” KARMA : System of rewards and punishments for one’s actions. Determines the quality of Rebirth AHIMSA : practice of non-violence GANGES RIVER : Most sacred place to scatter ashes, Hindus are cremated to free the soul. Ones not Cremated are unnamed babies, Holy Men, Untouchables (Buried) RAMAYANA : Story of RAMA and his wife SITA BHAGAVAD GITA : KRISHNA (1 of 8 incarnations of VISHNU) describes to cousin ARJUNA the way to be liberated from the cycle of birth and death. The book recounts KRISHNA’S descriptions of THE WAYS of ACTION/KNOWLEDGE/DEVOTION. Urges ARJUNA to act according to DHARMA not KARMA. Teaches FIVE TRUTHS : Ishvara(supreme controller),Jiva (Living beings/individualized soul), Prakrti (Nature/Matter),Kaala(Time) DHARMA : Religious and social DUTY (Righteousness and Faith) HOLI : Most Celebrated Hindu festival, dedicated to KRISHNA, FEB/MARCH (welcome spring) SHIVA : other GREAT GOD, contradictory roles, threatening but benelovent/creator and destroyer
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GANESHA : Hindu GOD with the HEAD OF an ELEPHANT GUPTA PERIOD : 320-540, HINDU Tradition cane to DOMINATE INDIA KALI YUGA : The 4 th and final stage of EARTH (now)/ 400,000 yrs till destruction!
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