CLEP Humanities_Study_Guide - Poetry terminology...

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Poetry terminology onomadtepoeia words that sound like their meaning denotation dictionary defintion of what a word literally means alliteration words in succession with same beginning sound limerick humerous, aabba euphony pleasant sounding arrangement of words, smooth sounding letters, l,m,n,r, soft gentle tone connotation associated with the denotation allusion reference to something from history or literature simile explicit comparision between 2 things using as or like metaphor implicit comparision rhyme scheme pattern of rhymes sonnet 14 lines, abab cdcd efef gg caesura pause within line haiku 3 lines, 5,7,5 syllables octave 8 lines any length refrain repeated part in same position in each stanza consonance repeated final consonant in word row assonnance repeated vowel sound apostrophe as if speaking directly to subject of poem personification human qualities to non-human hyperbole overstatement or gross exaggeration elegy poem written to commerate the dead foot one accented syllable on one or two unaccented stanza group of lines whose natural pattern is repeated villanelle French poem with form: a (1st refrain only 1st stanza) b a (alternate 1st and 2nd refrain) a (2nd refrain only last stanza) metric unit set of 2-3 syllables, only one stressed. Anapestic, dactylic, iambic, trochaic iambic one foot, two syllables, (iamb) accent on the 2nd syllable, the KING/ was IN/ his COUNT/ ing HOUSE anaspestic foot using 3 syllables, (anapest) accent on 3rd syllable, Twas the NIGHT/ be-fore CHRIST/ mas ann ALL/ through the HOUSE dactylic foot using 3 syllables, (dactyl) accent on 1st syllable, HEY did-dle/ DID'dle the/ CAT and the/ FID-dle trochaic foot using 2 syllables (trochee) accent on 1st syllable, PE-ter/ PET-er/ PUMP-kin/Eat-er deux ex machina (god from the machine-Latin) sudden plot twist, resolution of seemingly hopeless situation Italian sonnet (Petrarchan for Petrarch-Italian poet), abba abba cdcdcd metonomy related item to refer to item itself, As Washingto(DC) for US Gov synecdoche part to refer to whole, married ear to refer to married husband didactic instilling feeling, message or moral cacophony harsh sounds epic long length poem satire poke fun at ridiculous couplet stanza of 2 lines, distich tercet 3 lines quantrain 4 quintain 5 cinquain 6 sestet 7 octave 8 eye rhymes (sight rhymes)look the same written but not sound alike. through, trough blank verse unrhymes iambic pentamenter soliloquy character talks to self to reveal thoughts aside degression that offers insight or explanation spoonerism initial consonants of 1st and other word switched situational irony outcome differs from expectation dramatic irony speaker words and meaning contradicted free verse free of conventions
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Non-Fiction Michel Montaigne On Friendship.
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