Many companies and their employees do not abide by

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Unformatted text preview: program rather than sells it outright. The license agreement contains provisions relating to the use and security of the software and the corresponding manuals. If an individual or company fails to observe and abide by those requirements, the license may be terminated and, depending on the actions, criminal charges may be leveled. The risk to the vendor that develops and licenses the software is the loss of profits it would have earned. Many companies and their employees do not abide by their software licenses, and the employees use the company’s software for their home use. There are four categories of software licensing. Freeware is software that is publicly available free of charge and can be used, copied, studied, modified, and redistributed without restriction. Shareware, or trialware, is used by vendors to market their software. Users obtain a free, trial version of the software. Once the user tries out the program, the user is asked to purchase a copy of it. Commercial software is, quite simply, software that is sold for or serves commercial purposes. And, finally, academic software is software that is provided for academic purposes at a reduced cost. It can be open source, freeware, or commercial software. Some software vendors sell bulk licenses, which enable several users to use the product simultaneously. These master agreements define proper use of the software along with restrictions, such as whether corporate software can also be used by employees on their home machines. One other prevalent form of software licensing is the End User Licensing Agreement (EULA). It specifies more granular conditions and restrictions than a master agreement. Other vendors incorporate third-party license-metering software that keeps track of software usability to ensure that the customer stays within the license limit and otherwise complies with the software licensing agreement. The security officer should be aware of all these types of contractual commitments required by software companies. This person...
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