Unformatted text preview: program rather than
sells it outright. The license agreement contains provisions relating to the use and security of the software and the corresponding manuals. If an individual or company fails
to observe and abide by those requirements, the license may be terminated and, depending on the actions, criminal charges may be leveled. The risk to the vendor that
develops and licenses the software is the loss of profits it would have earned. Many
companies and their employees do not abide by their software licenses, and the employees use the company’s software for their home use.
There are four categories of software licensing. Freeware is software that is publicly
available free of charge and can be used, copied, studied, modified, and redistributed
without restriction. Shareware, or trialware, is used by vendors to market their software.
Users obtain a free, trial version of the software. Once the user tries out the program,
the user is asked to purchase a copy of it. Commercial software is, quite simply, software
that is sold for or serves commercial purposes. And, finally, academic software is software that is provided for academic purposes at a reduced cost. It can be open source,
freeware, or commercial software.
Some software vendors sell bulk licenses, which enable several users to use the
product simultaneously. These master agreements define proper use of the software
along with restrictions, such as whether corporate software can also be used by employees on their home machines. One other prevalent form of software licensing is the End
User Licensing Agreement (EULA). It specifies more granular conditions and restrictions than a master agreement. Other vendors incorporate third-party license-metering
software that keeps track of software usability to ensure that the customer stays within
the license limit and otherwise complies with the software licensing agreement. The
security officer should be aware of all these types of contractual commitments required
by software companies. This person...
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